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Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a rapidly growing group of genetic diseases that are due to defects in the synthesis of glycans and in the attachment of glycans to other compounds. Most CDG are multisystem diseases that include severe brain involvement. The CDG causing sialic acid deficiency of N-glycans can be diagnosed by(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a large family of genetic diseases resulting from defects in the synthesis of glycans and in the attachment of glycans to other compounds. These disorders cause a wide range of human diseases, with examples emanating from all medical subspecialties. Since our 2001 review on CDG ( 36 ), this field has seen(More)
Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndromes are genetic multisystemic disorders characterized by defective N-glycosylation of serum and cellular proteins. The activity of phosphomannomutase was markedly deficient (< or = 10% of the control activity) in fibroblasts, liver and/or leucocytes of 6 patients with CDG syndrome type I. Other enzymes(More)
The conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex is a heterooctameric complex that regulates intraGolgi trafficking and the integrity of the Golgi compartment in eukaryotic cells. Here, we describe a patient with a mild form of congenital disorder of glycosylation type II (CDG-II) that is caused by a deficiency in the Cog1 subunit of the complex. This patient(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), formerly known as carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndromes, lead to diseases with variable clinical pictures. We report the delineation of a novel type of CDG identified in 2 children presenting with severe developmental delay, seizures, and dysmorphic features. We detected hypoglycosylation on serum(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are a rapidly growing group of inherited disorders caused by defects in the synthesis and processing of the asparagine(ASN)-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins. The first CDG patients were described in 1980. Fifteen years later, a phosphomannomutase deficiency was found as the basis of the most frequent(More)
Summary: Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are due to defects in the synthesis of the glycan moiety of glycoproteins or other glycoconjugates. This review is devoted mainly to the clinical aspects of protein glycosylation defects. There are two main types of protein glycosylation: N-glycosylation and O-glycosylation. N-glycosylation generally(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate a new syndrome of brain dysgenesis and cutis laxa based on the description of 11 patients belonging to nine unrelated families recruited through an international collaboration effort. METHODS Careful clinical assessment of patients from birth to the age of 23 years with follow-up studies ranging from 3 to 20 years. Biochemical(More)
Routine screening for organic acids revealed increased and isolated urinary excretion of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in 8 mentally retarded patients from five unrelated families, including three pairs of siblings. L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid concentration was also found to be increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to a lesser extent in plasma. The only(More)
Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome type 1 (CDG1 or Jaeken syndrome) is the prototype of a class of genetic multisystem disorders characterized by defective glycosylation of glycoconjugates. It is mostly a severe disorder which presents neonatally. There is a severe encephalopathy with axial hypotonia, abnormal eye movements and pronounced(More)