Jaafar Sadeq Makki

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Mammary carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor in women, and it is the leading cause of mortality, with an incidence of >1,000,000 cases occurring worldwide annually. It is one of the most common human neoplasms, accounting for approximately one-quarter of all cancers in females worldwide and 27% of cancers in developed countries with a Western(More)
A total of 167 surgically resected primary invasive breast carcinomas and 63 metastatic lymph node lesions were analyzed for immunohistochemical (IHC) localization of the CD44(+)CD24(-low) breast cancer stem cell (CSC) markers, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, and telomerase activity by double-staining IHC technique, in formalin-fixed,(More)
OBJECTIVE It is now possible to achieve prolonged remission of malignant lymphoma and certain cancers with high-dose chemotherapy followed by autograft with haematopoietic stem cells. We tested such a protocol, evaluating haematologic recovery, in order to determine the total cost of hospitalization. METHODS Sixteen patients were included in the study, 7(More)
High dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) can produce prolonged remission in patients with malignant lymphoma or solid tumours. However, neutropenia is a serious complication of treatment in patients with these diseases. In this study, we investigated the costs and effects of using lenograstim, a recombinant human granulocyte(More)
Synedrella nodiflora is a medicinal plant that is used by the natives of Sabah, Malaysia to treat rheumatism and several other ailments. This study aims to evaluate the ability of the crude aqueous extract of S. nodiflora leaves to protect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-mediated hepatic injury in rats. S. nodiflora aqueous extract was orally(More)
Hematoxylin-eosin-stained slide preparation is one of the most durable techniques in medicine history, which has remained unchanged since implemented. It allows an accurate microscopic diagnosis of the vast majority of tissue samples. In many circumstances, this technique cannot answer all the questions posed at the initial diagnostic level. The pathologist(More)
Cancer of the breast is one of the most common human neoplasm, many environmental, personal and genetic factors have been implicated as a risk factors to develop breast cancer. Tumor size, histological subtype, grading, lympho-vascular permeation, and lymph node involvement are the cardinal independent factors influence prognosis and response to different(More)
Context The antioxidative properties of plants or plant derivative products are well known for their free radical scavenging effects. Flagellaria indica L. (Flagellariaceae) (FI) is a tropical medicinal plant used by the natives of Sabah as medication for semi-paralysis. Objective This study evaluates the hepatoprotective mechanism of FI against carbon(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was carried out to ascertain the aetiology of exudative pleural effusions when other diagnostic investigations such as pleural fluid and sputum examination for cytology and acid fast bacilli fail to yield a definitive diagnosis and to differentiate between tuberculosis and malignancy in cases suspicious of malignancy. METHODS(More)
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