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Isolated intestinal segments from rats or hamsters were recirculated with balanced salt solutions containing fluorocarbon emulsion to provide 6 vpc oxygen. The lumen contained an axial Ag-AgCl electrode, and the serosal surface was surrounded by a cylindrical shell of Ag-AgCl. Transmural impedances were measured at frequencies from 0.01-30 kHz before and(More)
The lumen of the small intestine in anesthetized rats was recirculated with 50 ml perfusion fluid containing normal salts, 25 mM glucose and low concentrations of hydrophilic solutes ranging in size from creatinine (mol wt 113) to Inulin (mol wt 5500). Ferrocyanide, a nontoxic, quadrupally charged anion was not absorbed; it could therefore be used as an(More)
Isolated segments of hamster small intestine were perfused with oxygenated salt-fluorocarbon emulsions with or without 10-25 mM glucose, alanine or leucine. Resistances of intercellular occluding junctions and of lateral spaces and the distributed capacitance of epithelial plasma membranes were estimated from steady-state transepithelial impedances at(More)
T HE PENETRATION of capillary walls by water and dissolved substances appears to take place solely by processes which require no energy transformations on the part of the capillary endothelial cells. The rate of net fluid movement across the capillary wall has been shown to be simply proportional to the difference between hydrostatic and osmotic forces(More)
Role of cerebral @ids in control of respiration as studied in unanestheticed goats. Am. J. Physiol. 208(3) : 436-450. 1965.-Respiratory responses to inhaled CO2 were measured in un-anesthetized goats during repeated perfusions of the ventriculo-cisternal system through chronically implanted cannulas. [HCOa-] and pH were measured in carotid loop blood and(More)
Absorption and excretion of undegradable peptides were investigated with use of octapeptides synthesized from D-amino acids. D-Tyrosine was included in each peptide to permit labeling with 125I, D-glutamic acid or D-lysine were included to vary net electric charge and D-serine or D-leucine were included to vary lipid solubility. Peptides were administered(More)
Octapeptides synthesized from D amino acids were absorbed from the intestine and excreted in urine of normal rats drinking 5% glucose/1% creatinine containing the 125I-labeled peptides at 0.1-25 mg/dl. The rats ingested fluid at the rate of about 20 ml/hr and produced urine at 15 ml/hr for several hours during the nocturnal feeding period. Sixty-one +/- 4%(More)