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Trafficking of inflammatory T cells into the central nervous system (CNS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. The directional migratory ability of peripheral T cells is associated with interactions of chemokines with their receptors expressed on T cells. In this study, transmigration of peripheral T cells toward a panel of(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the in vitro effects of interferon beta la (IFN-beta1a) on myelin basic protein (MBP)-reactive T cells and to determine its regulatory mechanism on cytokine networks in patients with MS. METHODS The proliferation and cytokine production of MBP-reactive T-cell clones were measured in thymidine uptake assays and ELISA respectively. The(More)
Autoimmune inflammation secondary to myelin destruction may play an inhibitory role in restoration of nerve functions in spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we demonstrated that T cells recognizing myelin basic protein (MBP) occurred at a high precursor frequency in patients with SCI, which was compatible to that in patients with multiple sclerosis(More)
Trafficking of inflammatory T cells into the brain is associated with interactions of certain chemokines with their receptors, which plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We examined whether interferon-beta (IFN-beta) had the ability to regulate the production of chemokines and the expression of their receptors in T cells(More)
T cell responses to the immunodominant peptide (residues 83-99) of myelin basic protein are potentially associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study was undertaken to examine whether a common sequence motif(s) exists within the TCR complementarity-determining region (CDR)-3 of T cells recognizing the MBP83-99 peptide. Twenty MBP83-99-reactive T cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the in vivo immunoregulatory properties of interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) on the T cell responses to myelin basic protein (MBP) and to evaluate the occurrence of the blocking antibodies characterized by the ability to reverse the effects of IFN beta on T cells in MS patients treated with IFN beta. METHODS The precursor frequency of(More)
T cell responses to myelin basic protein (MBP) are potentially involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Immunization with irradiated MBP-reactive T cells (T cell vaccination) induces anti-idiotypic T cell responses that suppress circulating MBP-reactive T cells. This T cell-T cell interaction is thought to involve the recognition of TCR(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disorder whose etiology and pathogenesis remain unknown. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated the presence of inflammatory infiltrates within ALS spinal cord and suggested the possibility of an immune-mediated process in motor neuron degeneration. We have analyzed the diversity of T-cells in the spinal(More)
T cell responses to myelin basic protein (MBP) are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The response to the 83-99 region of MBP represents a dominant response to MBP in patients with MS and is associated with HLA-DR2 that is linked with susceptibility to MS. Although T cell clones reactive to various regions of(More)