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OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical and laboratorial features of 1234 patients with different etiologies of hyperprolactinemia, as well as the response of 388 patients with prolactinomas to dopamine agonists. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A total of 1234 hyperprolactinemic patients from 10 Brazilian endocrine centers were enrolled in(More)
Manganese (Mn) poisoning, a well-known hazard in miners and industrial workers, shares many features with Parkinson's disease. Two young agricultural workers with a parkinsonian syndrome, who mentioned exposure to the fungicide maneb (manganese ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate), led us to investigate a new possible source of Mn intoxication. Fifty male rural(More)
We report a large spectrum of histological muscle abnormalities in 50 homosexual men with AIDS and ARC. We encountered moth-eaten fibers in 76%, angulated fibers in 76%, type groupings in 62%, type 2 fiber atrophy in 58%, mononuclear endomysial and/or perimysial and/or perivascular infiltrates in 36%, necrosis and phagocytosis in 30% and target fibers in(More)
Previous investigations have shown that REM sleep deprived (REM SD) rats display an enhanced response to dopamine agonists. This action seems to be mediated through a supersensitivity of dopamine post-synaptic receptors. Accordingly, REM SD was performed on rats with an experimental model of Parkinson's disease. The animals were bilaterally lesioned in the(More)
Twelve Parkinson disease (PD) patients were submitted to a single night of total sleep deprivation (SD). Disease duration had a median of 5.1 years and all were using either anticholinergic or L-Dopa or the combination of both drugs. After SD there was an improvement of rigidity, bradykinesia, gait and posture disturbances and functional disability that(More)
The subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharge in adults (SREDA) has been rarely reported. We describe the case of a 71 year-old man with transient ischemic attack, whose EEG showed an atypical evolution of this uncommon pattern. The computed tomography scan and cerebrospinal fluid were normal. We are not aware of any other report in the literature with(More)
We studied the EEG and Rorschach test (RT) of nineteen AIDS patients and eight normal people in the same age group. Eight patients presented slow alpha rhythms (8 to 9 Hz); three, not-slow alpha rhythms (> 9 to 13 Hz); and eight, beta rhythms in background activity. Paroxystic activity, characterized by diffuse theta or delta waves, was present in eleven(More)
Dengue is known to produce a syndrome involving muscles, tendons and joints. The hallmark of this syndrome is severe myalgia but includes fever, cutaneous rash, and headache. The neuromuscular aspects of this infection are outlined only in isolated reports, and the muscle histopathological features during myalgia have not been described. In order to(More)
We concur with the idea that congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a distinct clinical entity, and report 17 patients (2 negroes and 15 whites; 12 M and 5 F; median age 6 years, range 1 to 24 years) with genetic, clinical, laboratorial, electrophysiological and histochemical studies. All our cases have an inheritance compatible with an autosomal recessive(More)
The agenesis and lipoma of the corpus callosum is a very rare association. We report the case of a 18-years old woman with rare epileptic seizures since the age of 6 years, normal neurological examination, as well as normal electroencephalogram. The brain computed tomography scanning and the magnetic resonance showed the lipoma and the agenesis of the(More)