JULIAN K. HICKLING

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BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, especially with type 16 or 18, is associated with cervical cancer. Two HPV proteins, E6 and E7, are consistently expressed in tumour cells. The objectives of the study were to examine the clinical and environmental safety and immunogenicity in the first clinical trial of a live recombinant vaccinia virus(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)' is a human herpesvirus that establishes lifelong persistent infection, after an often asymptomatic primary infection. Persistent infection may reactivate and become clinically evident after immunosuppres-sion, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality (1). Reactivation in the context of immunosuppression suggests that(More)
Delivery of vaccine antigens to the dermis and/or epidermis of human skin (i.e. intradermal delivery) might be more efficient than injection into the muscle or subcutaneous tissue, thereby reducing the volumes of antigen. This is known as dose-sparing and has been demonstrated in clinical trials with some, but not all, vaccines. Dose-sparing could be(More)
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