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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The use of opioids in treating pain is limited due to significant side effects including somnolence, constipation, analgesic tolerance, addiction and respiratory depression. Pre-clinical studies have shown that neurokinin 1 (NK(1) ) receptor antagonists block opioid-induced antinociceptive tolerance and may inhibit opioid-induced(More)
A 7-year-old horse with no previous history of illness was determined to have a systemic infection of Rhodococcus equi. Rhodococcus equi was isolated from blood, tracheal fluid, and feces. Lymphopenia, failure to respond to concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin lymphocyte stimulation testing, decreased concentrations of immunoglobulin (Ig)M, IgA, and IgG,(More)
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks were fed on cows with parasitemia from Theileria parva infection (East Coast fever). Homogenates of salivary glands with infective sporozoites were added to cultures of (i) monocyte-derived adherent macrophages from normal bovine peripheral blood and (ii) macrophages from spleen and bone marrow. It was shown by light,(More)
We describe an idealized class of robots whose movements are fixed in a single plane. We describe and discuss the Forward Kinematic Problem and Inverse Kinematic Problem as it relates to such robots. We show that these problems can essentially be reduced to solving systems of polynomial equations. We describe and develop the relevant components of Groebner(More)
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