Learn More
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the psychiatric risk factors for adolescent suicide. METHOD Sixty-seven adolescent suicide victims were compared with 67 demographically matched community controls. Psychiatric disorder was assessed in suicide victims using a psychological autopsy protocol and in controls using similar semistructured(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the characteristics of adolescent suicide victims with no apparent psychiatric disorder. METHOD Seven adolescent suicide victims with no apparent disorder were compared with 60 suicide victims with definite or probable psychiatric disorder, and with 38 community controls with no psychiatric disorder. RESULTS Suicide victims(More)
The characteristics of adolescent suicide victims (n = 27) were compared with those of a group at high risk for suicide, suicidal psychiatric inpatients (n = 56) who had either seriously considered (n = 18) or actually attempted (n = 38) suicide. The suicide victims and suicidal inpatients showed similarly high rates of affective disorder and family(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to learn whether friends and acquaintances of suicide victims were at increased risk for depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal behavior after exposure to suicide. METHOD The social networks of 26 adolescent suicide victims, consisting of 146 adolescents, were interviewed 7 months after the death of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term impact of exposure to suicide on the friends of adolescent suicide victims. METHOD One hundred sixty-six friends of suicide victims and unexposed community controls were followed up at periodic intervals up to 3 years after the suicide, using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the factors predisposing to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in peers of adolescent suicide victims. METHOD One hundred forty-six adolescents who were the friends of 26 suicide victims were studied. Five percent (n = 8) developed PTSD after exposure to suicide. These 8 subjects with PTSD were compared to the remainder of the(More)
Eight cases of unexpected, unexplained death in young ambulatory epileptics were examined postmortem with special attention to the heart and lungs. Lung weights uniformly exceeded the expected value, with gross evidence of hemorrhagic pulmonary edema. Microscopic examination revealed moderate to severe pulmonary edema with protein-rich fluid as well as(More)
Thirty-seven cases of unexpected, unexplained death in epileptic patients were recorded by the Allegheny County Coroner's Office during the years 1969 through 1973. In no case was there anatomic or chemical evidence at autopsy sufficient to explain death. All patients had a duration of epilepsy greater than a year. All but two had less than one seizure per(More)
The psychological autopsy has been employed to study risk factors for completed suicide for more than three decades. Despite a wide range in methods of approach to families and interview techniques, the studies show high compliance and remarkable consistency of results across a wide age range and diverse geographic samples. The convergent evidence is that(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to assess the association between personality disorders, personality traits, impulsive violence, and suicide. METHOD Personality disorders and traits in 43 adolescent suicide victims and 43 community controls were assessed from the parents, using semistructured interviews and self-report forms. RESULTS Probable or(More)