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The recent introduction of electrocardiographic mapping permits measurement of the precordial area and severity of exercise-induced S-T segment changes. This study was designed to compare this technique with a modified 12 lead electrocardiogram in defining the degree and site of coronary artery disease. One hundred patients, who later had diagnostic(More)
A technique is described for recording the precordial electrocardiographic body surface map before and after exercise. The technique provides an extra dimension to the conventional exercise electrocardiogram because a measurement can be made of the area and severity of S-T segment changes that are projected onto the front of the chest. Sixteen lead(More)
The experimental evidence relating ST segment elevation in the electrocardiogram to the progress and extent of ischaemic myocardial damage is discussed. There are difficulties in applying this to patients: the reproducibility of praecordial mapping was tested using a multiple analysis of variance. This showed that factors such as time after the onset of(More)
A method has been developed of praecordial mapping of changes in R/S ratio and the appearance of Q waves in acute myocardial infarction. Observation of the serial changes in R and Q waves in 40 patients with uncomplicated anterior infarction shows that the loss of electrically active myocardium occurs within 6 hours of the onset of chest pain.(More)
The administration of analgesic drugs to patients with acute myocardial infarction is routine clinical practice for the alleviation of pain and anxiety or simply to ensure sleep. Because of the potent combination of analgesic and sedative properties, morphine is frequently given. Although the associated depressant effects on the circulatory and respiratory(More)