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Two-dimensional echocardiography is increasingly used to measure aortic root dimensions, which provide prognostic information in aortic regurgitation and the Marfan syndrome. Aortic root dilatation is currently detected by nomograms based on M-mode echocardiographic data. Aortic root diameters measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography at the anulus,(More)
Systematic, prospective data regarding phenotypic features, including echocardiographic findings, in pediatric patients with the Marfan syndrome are lacking. In addition, limited and conflicting information exists regarding the impact of pharmacologic therapy on aortic growth rate in children. Fifty-three children and adolescents with the Marfan syndrome(More)
Monoamniotic twin pregnancies are rare, but are associated with a high risk of perinatal death. The major complications are due to cord entanglement and twin twin transfusion. We were recently faced with the clinical problem of a monoamniotic twin pregnancy complicated by cord entanglement. Fortunately the outcome was favourable with the survival of both(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the pulmonary and cardiac function of children who survived an episode of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. DESIGN Descriptive cohort analysis. SETTING Pediatric clinical research center of a university hospital. PATIENTS Utilizing the criteria of PaO2 < 75 torr (< 10 kPa) with an FIO2 of > 0.5 while intubated, bilateral(More)
Epidemiologic and clinical features of Kawasaki disease in 106 patients seen between 1980 and 1986 at The New York Hospital in midtown Manhattan were compared with those in large series from the United States, Canada, and Japan. Dissimilarities in our Kawasaki disease experience included ethnic heterogeneity of our patients (50% white, 18% black, 16%(More)
To determine whether changes in ECGs correlated with abnormalities in echocardiograms in children with acute and convalescent Kawasaki syndrome, we undertook a retrospective analysis of 44 patients examined during the first 2 weeks of illness and followed for at least 6 months, 31 for longer than 1 year. We analyzed 360 ECGs, 282 echocardiograms, and(More)
Pulmonary function tests, including measurements of arterial blood gas levels, total pulmonary compliance, and arterial-alveolar oxygen ratios, were performed in 38 ventilator-dependent preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome who weighed less than 1500 g at birth. Twenty-seven had a physiologically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).(More)
To evaluate the pulsed Doppler cardiac output method as a noninvasive means for determining cardiac output in critically ill children, we performed paired pulsed Doppler and thermodilution cardiac output determinations in 17 critically ill children. Commercially available equipment, specifically designed for this purpose, was employed. Forty paired(More)
Coagulase-negative staphylococci are important causes of bacteremia and focal infections in infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units. The medical records and echocardiograms of 58 newborns with persistent Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteremia who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit at The New York Hospital during the past 5(More)