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The Kiss1 gene codes for kisspeptin, which binds to GPR54, a G-protein-coupled receptor. Kisspeptin and GPR54 are expressed in discrete regions of the forebrain, and they have been implicated in the neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction. Kiss1-expressing neurons are thought to regulate the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and thus(More)
An immunoelectron microscopic study was undertaken to survey the intracellular pathway taken by the integral membrane protein (G-protein) of vesicular stomatitis virus from its site of synthesis in the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane of virus-infected Chinese hamster ovary cells. Intracellular transport of the G-protein was synchronized(More)
We studied the effects of changes in microtubule assembly status upon the intracellular transport of an integral membrane protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane. The protein was the G glycoprotein of vesicular stomatitis virus in cells infected with the Orsay-45 temperature-sensitive mutant of the virus; the synchronous(More)
We have altered the structure of the COOH-terminus of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein (G) by introducing deletions into a cDNA clone encoding G protein. We examined the effects of these deletions on intracellular transport of G protein after expression of the deleted genes in eucaryotic cells under control of the SV40 late promoter. To(More)
Cells infected with a temperature-sensitive mutant of vesicular stomatitis virus, ts045, or transfected with the plasmid vector pdTM12 produce mutant forms of the G protein that remain within the ER. The mutant G proteins were isolated by immunoprecipitation from cells metabolically labeled with [2-3H]mannose to facilitate analysis of the protein-linked(More)
TRH is a neuropeptide with a variety of hormonal and neurotransmitter/neuromodulator functions. In particular, TRH has pronounced acute antidepressant effects in both humans and animals and has been implicated in the mediation of the effects of other antidepressive therapies. Two G protein-coupled receptors, TRH receptor 1 (TRH-R1) and TRH-R2, have been(More)
A cDNA clone of the mRNA encoding the glycoprotein (G) of vesicular stomatitis virus was inserted into plasmid vectors under the control of either the SV40 early promoter (pSV2G) or the SV40 late promoter (pSVGL). Synthesis of G protein was observed in mouse L cells injected with pSV2G DNA or in COS1 cells transfected with pSVGL DNA. Immunofluorescent(More)
We have characterized two stable transformed mouse cell lines (CG1 and CTG1) that express either the normal vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (G) or a truncated form of the G protein (TG) that lacks the COOH-terminal anchor sequences and is secreted from the cells. These cell lines were obtained using a hybrid vector consisting of the transforming DNA(More)
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a highly conserved neuropeptide with a variety of physiological functions mediated by two receptors, peripheral NMUR1 and central nervous system NMUR2. Here we report the generation and phenotypic characterization of mice deficient in the central nervous system receptor NMUR2. We show that behavioral effects, such as suppression of(More)
Using monoclonal antibodies and indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, we investigated the distribution of the M protein in situ in vesicular stomatitis virus-(VSV) infected MDCK cells. M protein was observed free in the cytoplasm and associated with the plasma membrane. Using the ts045 mutant of VSV to uncouple the synthesis and transport of the VSV G(More)