JM Cavaillon

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The gram-negative pathogen Shigella flexneri causes bacillary dysentery, an invasive disease of the human colonic mucosa. A major characteristic of the infectious process is the occurrence of an acute inflammatory reaction of mucosal tissues which is generally consequence of primary invasion and destruction of colonic epithelial cells by the pathogen.(More)
Ex vivo cytokine production by circulating lymphocytes and monocytes is reduced in patients with infectious or noninfectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Very few studies have addressed the reactivity of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN). To analyze further the relative contribution of systemic inflammatory response syndrome alone or in combination(More)
Cryptococcosis is an hematogenously disseminated meningoencephalitis during which the relationship between the disease severity and the immune response remains unclear. We thus analyzed, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-alpha] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokine levels in(More)
The use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to lipid A for the therapy of gram-negative sepsis is controversial. In an attempt to understand their biologic basis of action, we used a fluid-phase radioimmunoassay to measure binding between bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and two IgM mAbs directed to lipid A that are being evaluated for the treatment(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pretreatment of mice resulted in a significantly enhanced survival after disseminated Cryptococcus neoformans infection. The survival was associated with reduced fungal burden in tissues. LPS-pretreated mice had lower levels of cytokines in blood, spleen, and lungs and higher levels in brain. Pentoxifylline abolished the beneficial(More)
IL-10 is a well-known immunosuppressive and/or anti-inflammatory cytokine. However, we report in vitro experimental studies in which IL-10 primed leukocytes and led to an enhanced production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) upon further stimulation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Monocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) prepared from whole blood(More)
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