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Pentastomids are arthropod parasites which attain maturity in the respiratory tracts of vertebrates. All pentastomids exhibit an obvious sexual dimorphism in that fully mature females are invariably much bigger than males. Unusually though, copulation, which happens only once in the lifetime of females, occurs when both sexes are approximately the same size(More)
Egg production by Reighardia sternae, implanted at various stages of maturity into the interclavicular air sacs of captive gulls, is described. Females produce only 2900 eggs per lifetime over a short patent period of 1-3 days. The problem of a direct life-cycle in relation to this unusually low fecundity is discussed, and speculation is advanced concerning(More)
The histology and development of three extensive glands in the porocephalid pentastomid Porocephalus crotali is described by light and electron microscopy, during growth of the parasite to an infective stage in the tissues of mouse; the infective stage in rattlesnake definitive hosts is also included. These glands elaborate excretory/secretory components(More)
The ability of two known inhibitors of polyamine synthesis, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), and cyclohexylamine, an inhibitor of spermidine synthase, to inhibit the in vitro growth and polyamine synthesis of clinical isolates of Candida tropicalis and Candida albicans was examined. Treatment of C.(More)
The frontal and sub-parietal glands of the pentastomid Reighardia sternae elaborate lamellate secretion which is poured on to the cuticle. The entire surface of the cuticle, including the mouth, hook pits and reproductive apertures, is coated with secretion. Electron microscope studies indicate that the glands are continuously active, which implies a(More)
The in vitro development of the pentastomid Porocephalus crotali from the infective, seventh (VII) instar, dissected from the tissues of rat intermediate hosts, to the adult male (X) and female (XI) instars, normally resident in the lung of rattlesnake definitive hosts, is described. The culture medium comprised washed human blood cells, resuspended in(More)
A direct life-cycle in Reighardia sternae, a cephalobaenid pentastomid of gulls was investigated: the work was prompted by a report of eggs and larvae recovered from the stomach and intestine of a naturally infected gull. Infective pentastomid eggs were obtained by surgically transplanting maturing female Reighardia, taken from freshly shot wild gulls, into(More)
The effects of fluconazole, a bis-triazole antifungal agent, on the sterol and carbohydrate composition ofCandida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei andCandida parapsilosis were investigated. Exposure ofCandida species to fluconazole resulted in a profound depletion of ergosterol with a corresponding increase in lanosterol content versus control(More)