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Approximately 2% of newborns with hyperphenylalaninaemia are deficient in tetrahydrobiopterin. Selective screening must be performed in all instances where hyperphenylalaninaemia is detected by neonatal screening. In the last 20 years, 308 patients with tetrahydrobiopterin deficiencies have been recognized as a result of screening carried out, worldwide, in(More)
Interpretations of the development of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) in rat liver have been controversial, and the mechanism of ontogenic changes have not yet been elucidated. Fetal PAH activity at a gestational age of 21 days appeared to reach 32% that of adult male level at birth. The in vivo effectiveness of fetal PAH activity was correlated with(More)
Three unknown compounds present in the urine of a patient with mild hyperphenylalaninemia were identified to be L-erythro-7-iso-biopterin, D-erythro-7-iso-neopterin, and L-erythro-6-oxo-7-iso-biopterin. The newly identified pterins were named primapterin, anapterin, and 6-oxo-primapterin, respectively. Primapterin and anapterin are present in very low(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency is a rare cause of hyperphenylalaninemic syndromes. The natural history of the disease is characterized by progressive neurologic illness unresponsive to a phenylalanine-restricted diet. Fifty patients have been reported. From the documented cases, the following statements can be made: (1) An incidence of 2% among(More)
A comparison between the cost of identification and care of patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) and congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and the expenditure for the care of untreated retarded patients has been established on the basis of the activity of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais regional screening centre and of interviews with patients' families. The analysis yields(More)
  • J L Dhondt
  • 1991
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency in hyperphenylalaninaemic babies has to be rapidly recognized since the disease requires a specific treatment. Based on 15 years experience, we report on the evolution of a strategy for the detection of such patients. A total of 913 hyperphenylalaninaemic patients have been studied and 15 tetrahydrobiopterin deficiencies have(More)
Systematic investigation of hyperphenylalaninaemic infants for tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency has recently led to the description of new variants of cofactor deficiency. In the present case, the initial observation was of hyperphenylalaninaemia with a significant increase in the neopterin to biopterin ratio in the urine. A tetrahydrobiopterin loading test(More)
Large variations of pteridine elimination occur in childhood, due to the ontogenic development of the metabolism of tetrahydrobiopterin. The main feature is the slow maturation of biopterin synthesis whereas neopterin synthesis is high at birth; thus a high neopterin to biopterin ratio (4.4 +/- 2.1) occurs in the neonatal period, a ratio which then(More)
West syndrome is an epileptic encephalopathy which includes psychomotor deterioration. In rare cases, it is due to an inherited, progressive metabolic disease. We report a 2 year-old child with dihydropteridine reductase deficiency who developed hypsarrhythmia and infantile spasms which were documented on video-polygraphic EEG. Despite dietary restriction(More)