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A study of the variation in pattern and frequency of constitutive heterochromatin and nucleolar organizing regions of the X chromosomes of male Chorthippus parallelus grasshoppers in 25 populations within the Iberian peninsula requires us to revise our interpretation of the biogeography and evolutionary history of this species. Hybridization between the(More)
The distribution of the vertebrate telomeric sequence T2AG3 in three species of the rodent genus Akodon was examined by FISH with a peptide nucleic acid probe. In addition to the expected telomeric hybridization, non-telomeric signals were observed in the three species. In A. dolores, centromeric signals were visible in two of the four biarmed autosome(More)
Fixed mitotic chromosomes of A. tornosi have been analysed by means of C-banding, DA-DAPI and Chromomicin A3 fluorescence, as well as by digestion in situ with Alu I, Hae III, Hinf I and Hind III restriction endonucleases. From the results obtained at least nine types of chromatin can be distinguished in A. tornosi. Some C-band positive areas (constitutive(More)
The employment of certain DNA-specific fluorescent stains on unbanded and C-banded chromosomes of two species of grasshoppers shows remarkable differences among C-heterochromatic regions supposed to be similar in their base pair composition, according to their response to the standard fluorescence techniques. The possible interspersion of the opposite DNA(More)
Slides pretreated for C-banding and stained with DAPI or CMA3 show different banding patterns in human metaphase chromosomes compared to those obtained with either standard Giemsa C-banding or fluorochrome staining alone. Human chromosomes show C-plus DA-DAPI banding after C-banding plus DAPI and enhanced R-banding after C-banding plus Chromomycin A3(More)
The fluorescence analysis carried out in Triturus alpestris alpestris and Triturus alpestris cyreni subspecies has revealed differences related to the content and distribution of AT-rich, GC-rich and non-fluorescent heterochromatic bands. These results provide new evidence on the chromosome differentiation undergone in their phylogenetic splitting.
Two subspecies of the meadow grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus meet in a secondary hybrid zone in the Pyrenees. We have recently detected Wolbachia infection in this extensively studied species. C. p. parallelus (Cpp) and C. p. erythropus (Cpe) harbour bacteria from the B and F supergroups, but they differ noticeably in the incidence and type of infection(More)
We evaluate for the first time the effect of Wolbachia infection, involving two different supergroups, on the structure and dynamics of the hybrid zone between two subspecies of Chorthippus parallelus (Orthoptera) in the Pyrenees. Wolbachia infection showed no effects on female fecundity or a slight increment in females infected by F supergroup, although in(More)
Wolbachia localization in situ is essential for accurate analysis of the infection and its consequences. Whole cell hybridization is proposed as an easy and rapid method for detecting Wolbachia cells in paraffin embedded tissues or testis squashes of Chorthippus parallelus (Orthoptera). Wolbachia is found in whole gonads and other adjacent tissues. A higher(More)
The cytoplasmic incompatibility induced by the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia is attributed to chromatin modification in the sperm of infected individuals and is only 'rescued' by infected females after fertilization. Chorthippus parallelus is a grasshopper with 2 subspecies that form a hybrid zone in the Pyrenees in which this Wolbachia-generated(More)