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Mutations in the SCN5A gene coding for the alpha-subunit of the cardiac Na(+) ion channel cause long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, sick sinus node syndrome, progressive conduction disease, dilated cardiomyopathy and atrial standstill. These diseases exhibit variable expressivity, and identification of gene carriers is(More)
We describe a Swedish family with the proband and his brother suffering from severe Romano-Ward syndome (RWS) associated with compound heterozygosity for two mutations in the KVLQT1 (also known as KCNQ1 and KCNA9) gene (R518X and A525T). The mutations were found to segregate as heterozygotes in the maternal and the paternal lineage, respectively. None of(More)
Treatment with some types of antidepressants has been associated with sudden cardiac death. It is unknown whether the increased risk is due to a class effect or related to specific antidepressants within drug classes. All patients in Denmark with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) were identified (2001-2007). Association between treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND The voltage-gated, rapid-delayed rectifier current (I(Kr)) is important for repolarization of the heart, and mutations in the genes coding for the K+-ion channel conducting this current, i.e., KCNH2 for the alpha-subunit HERG and KCNE2 for the beta-subunit MiRP1, cause acquired and congenital long Q-T syndrome (LQTS) and other cardiac(More)
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterised by prolongation of the QT interval on ECG and cardiac arrhythmias, syncopes and sudden death. A rapid and reliable genetic diagnosis of the disease may be of great importance for diagnosis and treatment of LQTS. Mutations in the KVLQT1 gene, encoding a potassium-channel subunit of importance for the(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent research suggests that other surrogate markers than QTc, including QTc dispersion and Tpeak-Tend, may better correlate with cardiac arrhythmia risk. While sertindole significantly prolongs the QTc interval, the effects on other markers of arrhythmia risk, such as QTc dispersion and Tpeak-Tend are unknown. METHOD Digital 12-lead ECG was(More)
The QTc interval plays an important role in pre-market testing of new drugs, but the intrinsic variability of the measurement is critical. Most arrhythmogenic drugs inhibit the I Kr current and cause both QTc prolongation and changes in T-wave morphology. Quantification of T-wave morphology may be useful in drug testing, but no robust method exists for this(More)
In a four-generation family with long QT syndrome, syncopes and torsades de pointes ventricular tachycardia (TdP) were elicited by abrupt awakening in the early morning hours. The syndrome was associated with a novel KCNH2 missense mutation, G572R, causing the substitution of a glycine residue at position 572, at the end of the S5 transmembrane segment of(More)
The electrocardiographic QT interval is the only widely used surrogate marker of repolarization abnormality in drug trials. However, numerous basic and clinical studies have provided evidence that disturbed ventricular repolarization is reflected not only in the duration of the QT interval but also in the shape of the electrocardiographic T-wave. Thus, in(More)
Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT) is a highly lethal cardiac arrhythmia disease occurring during exercise or psychological stress. CPVT has an estimated prevalence of 1:10,000 and has mainly been associated with variants in calcium-regulating genes. Identification of potential false-positive pathogenic variants was conducted by(More)