JJ De Waele

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The files of 556 patients with a history of ischaemic stroke were reviewed. The disability and mortality rates were compared between 277 patients with a steroid treatment in the acute stage and 279 without. Comparison of the whole group showed that the steroid-treated patients had less improvement of their disability and a higher mortality rate than the(More)
OBJECTIVE The precise mechanism of action of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in suppressing epileptic seizures remains to be elucidated. This study investigates whether VNS modulates cortical excitability by determining the threshold for provoking focal motor seizures by cortical electrical stimulation before and after VNS. MATERIAL AND METHODS Male Wistar(More)
Data from an 8-year period for 46 patients with severe acute pancreatitis and infected pancreatic necrosis were analyzed to determine the incidence of fungal infection, to identify risk factors for the development of fungal infection, and to assess the use of early fluconazole treatment. Intraabdominal fungal infection was found in 17 (37%) of 46 patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE Inadequate cortisol levels and adrenal dysfunction may play a role in the pathophysiology of severe acute pancreatitis. This study aimed to analyse the incidence of relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) in these patients, to identify factors associated with RAI and to describe how adrenal responsiveness affects outcome. DESIGN Prospective(More)
The role of the vagal nerve within the immune system has not been fully elucidated. Vagal afferents connect to several central nervous system structures, including the hypothalamus. We investigated the effect of vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) on serum corticosterone levels in rats. Corticosterone levels were measured following 1 h of high frequency (30 Hz)(More)