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The inhibitory amino acid gamma amino butyrate (GABA) has been shown to profoundly alter the integration of arterial baroreceptor inputs within the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). However, the relative roles of the major GABA receptor subtypes, the GABA(A) and the GABA(B) receptors, in the modulation of monosynaptic compared to polysynaptic afferent(More)
1. Temporal processing of heterogenous afferent signals by nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) neurons has been previously characterized. Experiments were performed in 26 pentobarbital-sodium-anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats to characterize the temporal processing of evoked activity in NTS neurons with the use of the aortic nerve, which contains(More)
1. Microinjection studies have established that both NMDA and non-NMDA excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor subtypes are involved in the integration of baroreceptor afferent inputs within the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). The present study was undertaken to determine which EAA receptor subtypes are involved in baroreceptor afferent integration by(More)
Using electrophysiological techniques, the discharge of neurones in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) receiving aortic depressor nerve (ADN) inputs was examined during blood pressure changes induced by I.V. phenylephrine or nitroprusside in anaesthetized, paralysed and artificially ventilated rats. Various changes in discharge rate were observed(More)
We describe a high-capacity in vivo assay to measure drug-mediated transplant immunosuppression using a mouse model of Sa1 tumor rejection. Sa1 grew poorly and was rejected by 14 days in immunocompetent allogeneic recipient mice. In nude (nu/nu) mice, Sa1 grew more rapidly and was not rejected, confirming the T cell dependence of this response. In(More)
Subthreshold aortic nerve (AN) inputs to neurons receiving a monosynaptic AN-evoked input (MSNs: respond to each of two AN stimuli separated by 5 ms) and neurons receiving a polysynaptic AN input (PSNs) in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) were identified in anesthetized rats. In extracellular recordings from 24 MSNs and 49 PSNs, 12% of MSNs and 29%(More)
Objective: To model nutritional obesity in rats with two-bottle-feeding method according to human eating feature. Design: Animals were grouped into control and model randomly according to their initial body weight. The control rats fed with standard chow singly and the model rats fed with the standard chow and a high fat (HF) diet simultaneously for 20(More)
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