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The integrin alphaVbeta6 is a fibronectin receptor, which is not detectable on normal epithelium but is neo-expressed in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC), suggesting a role in promoting malignant behaviour and tumour progression. We used transfection and retroviral infection to create a panel of SCC cell lines expressing(More)
Ten human melanoma cell lines were examined for integrin-receptor expression using a panel of antibodies directed against different integrin subunits. Considerable heterogeneity was detected for levels of expression of 7 integrins, including the alpha v beta 3 vitronectin receptor where a correlation between tumorigenic capacity in athymic nude mice and(More)
Integrins are a family of heterodimeric cell surface receptors, which are expressed on most cells where they mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. The alphavbeta6 integrin is epithelial-specific and binds to the ECM proteins fibronectin, vitronectin and tenascin, and also to the latency associated peptide of TGF-beta. Unlike(More)
Human melanoma cell lines that express high constitutive levels of the metastasis-associated marker intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) were found to secrete interleukin 1 (IL-1) in vitro. Experiments with neutralizing antibodies showed that this cytokine was responsible for their expression of ICAM-1 but not that of two other progression/metastasis(More)
We reported recently on the intracellular localisation of the hyaluronan receptor RHAMM/IHABP in human cancer cells. Here we describe the colocalisation of RHAMM/IHABP proteins with microtubules, both in interphase and dividing cells, suggesting that RHAMM/IHABP represents a novel member of the family of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). We have(More)
We have shown previously that VUP was the only line out of ten human melanoma lines that failed to express the vitronectin receptor alpha v beta 3, but instead expressed alpha v beta 1. Levels of alpha v beta 1 expression were low on parental VUP cells so that iterative sorting by FACS, using an anti-alpha v antibody (13C2), was utilised to derive sublines(More)
Analysis of core from six drill holes and ten vibrocores from One Tree Reef has delineated five major biosedimentological facies: algal pavement, coral head facies, branching coral facies, reef flat rubble facies and sand facies. Holocene growth began around 8,000 years B.P. with a high energy coral head facies on windward margins and a lower energy(More)
Cores from ten holes, drilled to a maximum depth of 30 m, on Tarawa atoll in the central Pacific have been utilised in a study of the Holocene development of the atoll. Four dominant lithologies, in descending order, are cay rock, unconsolidated sediment, corals and leached limestone. Petrographic and radiometric age analyses indicate that the Holocene reef(More)
Aluminum sulfonated phthalocyanine has potential as a suitable photosensitizer for use in the photodynamic therapy of cancer. In the present study, cellular uptake and retention of the individual mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasulfonated derivatives (AlS1-4Pc) were examined in tissue culture and in normal and neoplastic tissue of tumor-bearing mice. Uptake and(More)
The development of an altered stromal microenvironment is a common feature of many tumours including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and there is increasing evidence that these changes in the stroma, which include increased expression of proteases and cytokines, may actually promote tumour progression. A common finding is that stromal fibroblasts become(More)