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The integrin alphaVbeta6 is a fibronectin receptor, which is not detectable on normal epithelium but is neo-expressed in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC), suggesting a role in promoting malignant behaviour and tumour progression. We used transfection and retroviral infection to create a panel of SCC cell lines expressing(More)
Ten human melanoma cell lines were examined for integrin-receptor expression using a panel of antibodies directed against different integrin subunits. Considerable heterogeneity was detected for levels of expression of 7 integrins, including the alpha v beta 3 vitronectin receptor where a correlation between tumorigenic capacity in athymic nude mice and(More)
Integrins are a family of heterodimeric cell surface receptors, which are expressed on most cells where they mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. The alphavbeta6 integrin is epithelial-specific and binds to the ECM proteins fibronectin, vitronectin and tenascin, and also to the latency associated peptide of TGF-beta. Unlike(More)
We reported recently on the intracellular localisation of the hyaluronan receptor RHAMM/IHABP in human cancer cells. Here we describe the colocalisation of RHAMM/IHABP proteins with microtubules, both in interphase and dividing cells, suggesting that RHAMM/IHABP represents a novel member of the family of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). We have(More)
We have shown previously that VUP was the only line out of ten human melanoma lines that failed to express the vitronectin receptor alpha v beta 3, but instead expressed alpha v beta 1. Levels of alpha v beta 1 expression were low on parental VUP cells so that iterative sorting by FACS, using an anti-alpha v antibody (13C2), was utilised to derive sublines(More)
Aluminum sulfonated phthalocyanine has potential as a suitable photosensitizer for use in the photodynamic therapy of cancer. In the present study, cellular uptake and retention of the individual mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasulfonated derivatives (AlS1-4Pc) were examined in tissue culture and in normal and neoplastic tissue of tumor-bearing mice. Uptake and(More)
The development of an altered stromal microenvironment is a common feature of many tumours including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and there is increasing evidence that these changes in the stroma, which include increased expression of proteases and cytokines, may actually promote tumour progression. A common finding is that stromal fibroblasts become(More)
The integrin alpha v beta 6 is a fibronectin receptor that is undetectable on normal keratinocytes in situ, but is increased significantly in wound healing and in culture-established keratinocytes, suggesting that it may promote changes associated with cell motility. Using normal human oral keratinocytes we have shown that cultured cells express relatively(More)
αvβ6 integrin expression is upregulated on a wide range of epithelial tumours, and is thought to play a role in modulating tumour growth. Here we describe a human therapeutic antibody 264RAD, which binds and inhibits αvβ6 integrin function. 264RAD cross-reacts with human, mouse and cynomolgus monkey αvβ6, and inhibits binding to all ligands including the(More)
Bilateral electrolytic lesions of the lateral hypothalamus or intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine injections produced substantial depletions of striatal dopamine in rates. All animals with brain damage showed marked sensorimotor impairments. However, they began to move and respond appropriately to environmental stimuli when placed in a sink of water, in a(More)