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Seizure predisposition in Genetically Epilepsy-Prone Rats (GEPRs) is characterized by abnormal sensitivity to a number of seizure provoking stimuli. The GEPR model is composed of two independently derived colonies with each exhibiting a characteristic convulsive pattern. In response to a standardized sound stimulus, GEPR-3s exhibit moderate or clonic(More)
Two side effects which limit the use of cisplatin in cancer chemotherapy are severe nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. The concurrent administration of sodium thiosulfate with cisplatin reportedly protects from cisplatin nephrotoxicity, however, protection from ototoxicity has not been documented. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of using(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) concentrations were measured in 15 discrete areas of the central nervous system of two types of genetically epilepsy-prone rats (GEPRs) and in nonepileptic controls. Both moderate-seizure (GEPR-3) and severe-seizure (GEPR-9) animals had extensive abnormalities in brain NE concentration. Deficits of equal magnitude in GEPR-3s and GEPR-9s(More)
Although numerous studies have shown that cochlear impairment exists in audiogenic-seizure (AGS)-susceptible mice, there is only one report of cochlear potentials obtained from AGS-susceptible rats. To investigate the hypothesis that cochlear impairment also exists in AGS rats, cochlear microphonics (CM) and the primary afferent activity of the auditory(More)
AIMS To compare the quality of referrals and listing rates of direct optometric referrals vs traditional GP referrals for cataract surgery. METHODS A retrospective cohort of 124 patients referred for cataract surgery was identified (62 via optometric pathway and 62 via GP pathway). The quality of the referral was assessed by establishing if it contained(More)
Utilizing the Golgi technique, the present study provides a structural analysis of primate marginal (lamina I) neurons in the lumbosacral spinal cord. Marginal neurons are classified on the basis of major structural differences in dendritic conformation, distribution, and specialization. Cell size and shape alone were not found to be reliable criteria.(More)
This investigation was performed to determine the morphologic effects of bacterial otitis media on the organ of Corti. The middle ear cavities of rats were inoculated with Streptococcus pneumoniae or saline and the animals were killed on days 1, 4, 7, 10, 14, and 21 after inoculation. Middle ear cultures were obtained and the cochleas were examined using(More)
Drugs that produce tinnitus can be subdivided into those which produce temporary or permanent hearing loss and those which apparently do not cause any hearing loss. The tinnitus occurring with drugs of the first group is probably secondary to the hearing loss. However, most of the drugs that produce tinnitus without an accompanying hearing loss probably do(More)
The organ of Corti of Genetically Epilepsy Prone Rats was examined anatomically and electrophysiologically using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrophysiological recording of alternating current cochlear potentials (ACCP) and N1, a volume conductor recording of the primary auditory afferent action potentials. ACCPs for GEPRs with low intensity(More)