Learn More
OBJECTIVE Characterize the timecourse of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -9, -11, -12, -13, and -14) and endogenous tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMP-1, -2, -3, and -4) upregulation during left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS The descending left coronary artery of male rats (Rattus norvegicus)(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the effect of a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) on collagen, MMP, tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) expression in the spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rat. METHODS Six groups were tested: normotensive 9- and 13-month-old Wistar-Furth (WF) rats, 9-month-old(More)
The development of congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with left ventricle (LV) dilation and myocardial remodeling. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in extracellular remodeling, and recent studies have demonstrated increased MMP expression and activity with CHF. Whether increased MMP activity directly contributes to the(More)
Collagen turnover is a slow process on a biologic timescale with a t $$\frac{1}{2}$$ of 20–27 days that is mediated primarily by the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Low collagen metabolism is not due to an intrinsically low Km of MMPs, but rather due to a highly regulated system of activity. Despite the stability of collagen and MMPs, the articles in this(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) plays an important role in left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) by promoting collagen synthesis and accumulation. This study tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition modulates post-MI LV remodeling in mice lacking OPN. Wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice were treated daily with MMP inhibitor (PD166793,(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation contributes to tissue remodeling in several disease states, and increased MMP activity has been observed in left ventricular (LV) failure. The present study tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition would influence LV remodeling and function in developing LV failure. METHODS AND RESULTS LV size and(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dilatation are important compensatory responses to chronic volume overload. Although LV function is initially preserved by these responses, the continued structural remodeling of the myocardium ultimately becomes maladaptive, leading to the development of heart failure. We have shown previously that increased(More)
Two subclasses of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP)-specific phosphodiesterases were identified in vascular tissue from several beds. The activity of one subclass (phosphodiesterase IB) was stimulated severalfold by calmodulin and selectively inhibited by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor TCV-3B. The activity of the other subclass (phosphodiesterase IC)(More)
Gas6 (encoded by growth arrest-specific gene 6) is a vitamin-K dependent protein highly homologous to coagulation protein S that is secreted from platelet alpha-granules and has recently been demonstrated to participate in platelet thrombus formation. The current study evaluated the contribution of each of the three known Gas6 receptors (Axl, Sky and Mer)(More)
Glycoprotein Ib-IX-V (GPIb-IX-V) mediates platelet tethering to von Willebrand factor (VWF), recruiting platelets into the thrombus, and activates integrin alphaIIbbeta3 through a pathway that is dependent on Src kinases. In addition, recent reports indicate that activation of alphaIIbbeta3 by VWF is dependent on protein kinase G (PKG) and mitogen-activated(More)