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We have used anti-tubulin antibodies and immunofluorescence microscopy to determine the overall distribution of microtubules during interphase and mitosis in both the myxamoebae and plasmodia of the slime mold Physarum polycephalum. We have paralleled these observations with electron microscopy of the same stages. The myxamoebae possess a network of(More)
We have isolated the four separate segments of chicken DNA which contain sequence homology to beta tubulin. With the exception of a fifth region of DNA which appears to contain only a 5' fragment of a beta gene, these four cloned sequences represent all of the beta tubulin encoding DNA in the chicken. Each gene is very similar in structure, containing three(More)
We have shown that the benzimidazole carbamate, parbendazole, is a potent inhibitor of microtubule assembly in vitro and in vivo. Radiolabelled parbendazole was shown to bind to purified tubulin. Immunofluorescence studies using antitubulin antibody showed that parbendazole effectively depolymerizes cytoplasmic microtubules in animal cells leaving only one(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the chicken genome contains at least four different, functional/3-tubulin genes. By using gene specific probes we have now analyzed the relative levels of expression of the four encoded messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts as a function of chicken development and differentiation. We have found that the RNA transcript from(More)
Virtually all higher eucaryotic cells rapidly depress synthesis of new alpha- and beta-tubulin polypeptides in response to microtubule inhibitors that increase the pool of depolymerized subunits. This apparently autoregulatory control of tubulin synthesis is achieved through modulation of tubulin messenger RNA levels. In particular, in cells treated with(More)
Schistosoma mansoni-infected individuals who have low intensities of reinfection following treatment produce immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies against a range of S. mansoni adult-worm antigens. One of the targets of the IgE response is an adult-worm sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis band of 22 kDa (Sm22), which contains an antigen(s)(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the chicken genome contains at least four different, functional beta-tubulin genes. By using gene specific probes we have now analyzed the relative levels of expression of the four encoded messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts as a function of chicken development and differentiation. We have found that the RNA transcript from(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the chicken beta 5 (c beta 5)-tubulin gene. The gene displayed the coding structure common to all previously studied vertebrate beta-tubulin genes and was divided into four exon sequences interrupted by three intervening sequences (located between codons 19 and 20, within codon 56, and within codon 93).(More)
The nucleus--centrosome complex from Physarum polycephalum myxamoebae has been purified. The complex contained the centriole pair and pericentriolar material in association with the nucleus. Apart from some unusually stable microtubules, which appeared to be involved in maintaining the nucleus-centrosome association, endogenous microtubule arrays had been(More)