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Understanding modulation of the host immune system by pathogens offers rich therapeutic potential. Parasitic filarial nematodes are often tolerated in human hosts for decades with little evidence of pathology and this appears to reflect parasite-induced suppression of host proinflammatory immune responses. Consistent with this, we have previously described(More)
OBJECTIVE In countries where parasitic infections are endemic, autoimmune disease is relatively rare, leading to the hypothesis that parasite-derived immunomodulators may protect against its development. Consistent with this, we have previously demonstrated that ES-62, a 62 kDa phosphorylcholine (PC)-containing glycoprotein that is secreted by filarial(More)
The importance of T cell Ag specificity and Th1 vs Th2 phenotype in synovial inflammation remains controversial. Using OVA-specific TCR transgenic T cells from DO11.10 mice, we demonstrate that mice receiving Th1, but not Th2, cells display a transient arthritis following immunization that is characterized by synovial hyperplasia, cellular infiltration, and(More)
IL-18 expression and functional activity has been identified in several autoimmune and infectious diseases. To clarify the potential role of IL-18 during early innate immune responses, we have explored the capacity of IL-18 to activate neutrophils. Human peripheral blood-derived neutrophils constitutively expressed IL-18R (alpha and beta) commensurate with(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) comprise heterogeneous subsets of professional antigen-presenting cells, linking innate and adaptive immunity. Analysis of DC subsets has been hampered by a lack of specific DC markers and reliable quantitation assays. We characterised the immunophenotype and functional characteristics of psoriatic arthritis (PsA)-derived and(More)
Cell locomotion is crucial to the induction of an effective immune response. We report here the chemoattraction of CD4(+) T cells by IL-18, a member of the IL-1 cytokine family. Recombinant IL-18 increased the proportion of T cells in polarized morphology in vitro and stimulated their subsequent invasion into collagen gels in an IL-18 concentration(More)
Interleukin 18 (IL-18), a member of the IL-1 superfamily of cytokines has been demonstrated to be an important mediator of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Several reports have implicated its role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although biologic therapy is firmly established in the treatment of a number of inflammatory diseases(More)
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