• Publications
  • Influence
Radiocarbon evidence for maritime pioneer colonization at the origins of farming in west Mediterranean Europe
  • J. Zilhão
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 13 November 2001
TLDR
The dates for the first appearance of the Neolithic package are indistinguishable statistically from central Italy to Portugal and cluster around 5400 calendar B.C, with a rapidity of spread no more than six generations. Expand
The Emergence of Ornaments and Art: An Archaeological Perspective on the Origins of “Behavioral Modernity”
The earliest known personal ornaments come from the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa, c. 75,000 years ago, and are associated with anatomically modern humans. In Europe, such items are notExpand
The early Upper Paleolithic human skeleton from the Abrigo do Lagar Velho (Portugal) and modern human emergence in Iberia.
TLDR
A morphological mosaic indicates admixture between regional Neandertals and early modern humans dispersing into southern Iberia and establishes the complexities of the Late Pleistocene emergence of modern humans and refutes strict replacement models of modern human origins. Expand
Symbolic use of marine shells and mineral pigments by Iberian Neandertals
TLDR
The Iberian finds show that European Neandertals were no different from coeval Africans in this regard, countering genetic/cognitive explanations for the emergence of symbolism and strengthening demographic/social ones. Expand
Chronostratigraphy of the middle-to-upper paleolithic transition in the Iberian peninsula
The complex environmental history of Isotope Stage Three carries the implication that cave and rockshelter sites containing deposits from the time of the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition mustExpand
Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? A Critical Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation1
The presence of bone tools, personal ornaments, and apparently “modern” stone tools in European late Middle Paleolithic or pre‐Aurignacian Paleolithic contexts is generally interpreted as the resultExpand
The Chronology and Taphonomy of the Earliest Aurignacian and Its Implications for the Understanding of Neandertal Extinction
The view that the Châtelperronian is the acculturation of late Neandertals brought about by contact with nearby moderns assumes an age of ca. 40,000 years ago for the earliest Aurignacian. However,Expand
U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain
TLDR
Dating of calcite crusts overlying art in Spanish caves shows that painting began more than 40,000 years ago, revealing either that cave art was a part of the cultural repertoire of the first anatomically modern humans in Europe or that perhaps Neandertals also engaged in painting caves. Expand
Neandertals and moderns mixed, and it matters
TLDR
It is clear that, in Europe, fully symbolic sapiens behavior predates both the Aurignacian and moderns, and, in line with evidence from the nuclear genome rejecting strict replacement models based on mtDNA alone, the small number of early modern specimens that passed the test of direct dating present archaic features unknown in the African lineage. Expand
The Spread of Agro-Pastoral Economies across Mediterranean Europe: A View from the Far West
The transition to food production in Portugal begins with the arrival of cardial pottery and domesticates, an event that can be date to the time period between 6800 and 6200 BP. These items are foundExpand
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