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Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon
Comparison of the sediment record with palaeo-climate records indicates that this variability was probably modulated by atmospheric dynamics associated with variations in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the strength of the West African monsoon, and suggests that sea surface temperatures as high as at present are not necessary to support intervals of frequent intense hurricanes.
Atlantic hurricanes and climate over the past 1,500 years
The statistical model indicates that the medieval peak, which rivals or even exceeds (within uncertainties) recent levels of activity, results from the reinforcing effects of La-Niña-like climate conditions and relative tropical Atlantic warmth.
Exploring typhoon variability over the mid-to-late Holocene: evidence of extreme coastal flooding from Kamikoshiki, Japan
A decadally-resolved paleohurricane record archived in the late Holocene sediments of a Florida sinkhole
Reconstructing relative flooding intensities responsible for hurricane-induced deposits from Laguna Playa Grande, Vieques, Puerto Rico
Extreme coastal flooding, primarily during hurricane strikes, has deposited sand-rich layers in Laguna Playa Grande, a back-barrier lagoon located on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico.…
Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise
The future impacts of climate change on landfalling tropical cyclones are unclear. Regardless of this uncertainty, flooding by tropical cyclones will increase as a result of accelerated sea-level…
Seasonal variation of sediment deposition in the Hudson River estuary
Sediment transport and trapping in the Hudson River estuary
The Hudson River estuary has a pronounced turbidity maximum zone, in which rapid, short-term deposition of sediment occurs during and following the spring freshet. Water-column measurements of…
Calibrating a sedimentary record of overwash from Southeastern New England using modeled historic hurricane surges
How Unique was Hurricane Sandy? Sedimentary Reconstructions of Extreme Flooding from New York Harbor
- Christine M. Brandon, J. Woodruff, J. Donnelly, R. Sullivan
- Environmental ScienceScientific reports
- 8 December 2014
This work compares resultant deposition by Hurricane Sandy to earlier storm-induced flood layers in order to extend records of flooding to the city beyond the instrumental dataset, and highlights the inadequacies of the instrumental record in estimating current flood risk by such extreme events.