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High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia
TLDR
An empirically based and dramatically shortened chronology for the colonization of East Polynesia resolves longstanding paradoxes and offers a robust explanation for the remarkable uniformity of EastPolynesian culture, human biology, and language.
Dating the late prehistoric dispersal of Polynesians to New Zealand using the commensal Pacific rat
TLDR
Radiocarbon dates on distinctive rat-gnawed seeds and rat bones show that the Pacific rat was introduced to both main islands of New Zealand ≈1280 A.D., a millennium later than previously assumed, implying there was no long period of invisibility in either the archaeological or palaeoecological records.
Rapid landscape transformation in South Island, New Zealand, following initial Polynesian settlement
TLDR
Anthropogenic burning in New Zealand highlights the vulnerability of closed-canopy forests to novel disturbance regimes and suggests that similar settings may be less resilient to climate-induced changes in the future.
Changes in fire regimes since the Last Glacial Maximum: an assessment based on a global synthesis and analysis of charcoal data
Fire activity has varied globally and continuously since the last glacial maximum (LGM) in response to long-term changes in global climate and shorter-term regional changes in climate, vegetation,
Late Holocene forest disturbance in Gisborne, New Zealand: A comparison of terrestrial and marine pollen records
Abstract A late Holocene (from c. 5500 yr B.P.) record of vegetation change is presented for the Gisborne region, based on pollen, charcoal, and tephra analyses of a terrestrial and a marine core. Up
Ecology and long-term history of fire in New Zealand.
TLDR
The direct and indirect effects of the introduction of anthropic fire to New Zealand may have shifted large areas into successional ‘traps’ from which, in the face of recurrent fire, escape is difficult and developing appropriate management strategies requires a nuanced understanding of the place of fire in New Zealand’s ecosystems.
A pre‐deforestation pollen‐climate calibration model for New Zealand and quantitative temperature reconstructions for the past 18 000 years BP
Quantification of modern pollen rain–vegetation–climate relationships in New Zealand has been complicated by human destruction of at least 75% of the original forest cover since ca. 750 years BP,
Asynchronous climate change between New Zealand and the North Atlantic during the last deglaciation
Climatic fluctuations recorded in Antarctica and Greenland during the last deglaciation (18–10 ka) differ markedly in their timing. It remains controversial whether local climate fluctuations
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