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Novel and Unexpected Prokaryotic Diversity in Water and Sediments of the Alkaline, Hypersaline Lakes of the Wadi An Natrun, Egypt
TLDR
The water and sediments of the Wadi An Natrun harbor a unique and novel prokaryotic diversity that is different from what has been described among other alkaline, athalassohaline lakes. Expand
Characterization of Clostridium thermocellum JW20
TLDR
Clostridium thermocellum JW20 (ATCC 31549), which was isolated from a Louisiana cotton bale, grew on cellulose, cellobiose, and xylooligomers and, after adaptation, on glucose, fructose, andxylose and was totally inhibited in the presence of more than 125 mM sodium sulfate, 300 mM sodium chloride, 250 mM potassium chloride, 200 mM calcium chloride, 125 mM lactate, or 250 mM acetate. Expand
Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates chlorophenolic compounds.
TLDR
On the basis of the results of a 16S rRNA analysis and the inability of the organism to use sulfate as an electron acceptor, strain JW/IU-DC1 is described as the type strain of the new taxon Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans gen. nov. Expand
Sporulation genes in members of the low G+C Gram-type-positive phylogenetic branch (Firmicutes)
TLDR
Analysis of genome sequences from 52 bacteria and archaea representing sporulating, non-spore-forming, and asporogenic species raises questions regarding the evolution of sporulation among the Firmicutes. Expand
Distributions of Microbial Activities in Deep Subseafloor Sediments
TLDR
Diverse microbial communities and numerous energy-yielding activities occur in deeply buried sediments of the eastern Pacific Ocean and these sedimentary communities may supply dissolved electron donors and nutrients to the underlying crustal biosphere. Expand
Global Occurrence of Archaeal amoA Genes in Terrestrial Hot Springs
TLDR
The study demonstrates the global occurrence of putative archaeal ammonia monooxygenase large-subunit (amoA) genes in a wide variety of terrestrial hot springs and suggests that geography may play an important role in selecting different assemblages of AOA. Expand
Kineococcus radiotolerans sp. nov., a radiation-resistant, gram-positive bacterium.
TLDR
It is proposed that SRS30216T (= ATCC BAA-149T = DSM 14245T) represents the type strain of a novel species in the genus Kineitis, Kineococcus radiotolerans sp. Expand
Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense sp. nov., a Slightly Acidophilic, Anaerobic Thermophile Isolated from Various Hot Springs in New Zealand, and Emendation of the Genus Thermoanaerobacterium
TLDR
It is proposed that strain JW/SL-NZ613T (T = type strain) and five similar strains isolated from samples collected in New Zealand represent a new species, Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense, based on properties such as formation of elemental sulfur from thiosulfate, growth at acidic pH values at elevated temperatures, and the results of a 16S rRNA sequence comparison performed. Expand
Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis sp. nov., a novel thermophilic facultative aerobic bacterium with a broad pH optimum from the Geyser valley, Kamchatka
TLDR
It is proposed that strain JW/VK-KG4 represents a new species in the genus Anoxybacillus as A. kamchatkensis sp. Expand
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