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Wolbachia: master manipulators of invertebrate biology
The basic biology of Wolbachia is reviewed, with emphasis on recent advances in the authors' understanding of these fascinating endosymbionts, which are found in arthropods and nematodes.
Biology of Wolbachia.
- J. Werren
- BiologyAnnual review of entomology
- 28 November 2003
Wolbachia biology is reviewed, including their phylogeny and distribution, mechanisms of action, population biology and evolution, and biological control implications.
Evolution and phylogeny of Wolbachia: reproductive parasites of arthropods
A fine-scale phylogenetic analysis was done using DNA sequences from ftsZ, a rapidly evolving bacterial cell-cycle gene, finding that some insects harbour infections with more than one Wolbachia strain, even within individual insects.
Multilocus Sequence Typing System for the Endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis
- L. Baldo, Julie C. Dunning Hotopp, J. Werren
- BiologyApplied and Environmental Microbiology
- 25 August 2006
A multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme as a universal genotyping tool for Wolbachia was developed and was shown to be effective for detecting diversity among strains within a single host species, as well as for identifying closely related strains found in different arthropod hosts.
Distribution of Wolbachia among neotropical arthropods
The abundance of Wolbachia in Panamanian neotropical arthropod species further supports their potential importance as a mechanism for rapid speciation in insects.
Wolbachia infection frequencies in insects: evidence of a global equilibrium?
It is reported that 19.3% of a sample of temperate North American insects are infected with Wolbachia, a frequency strikingly similar to frequencies found in two other studies in widely separated locales, which may indicate a widespread equilibrium of Wolbachian infection frequencies in insects whose maintenance remains to be explained.
Sex Ratio Adaptations to Local Mate Competition in a Parasitic Wasp
- J. Werren
- 6 June 1980
Females of the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis adjust the sex ratio of their broods according to whether they are a first or second wasp to parasitize a host to provide a quantitative test of sex ratio theory.
How many species are infected with Wolbachia? – a statistical analysis of current data
- Kirsten Hilgenboecker, P. Hammerstein, P. Schlattmann, A. Telschow, J. Werren
- BiologyFEMS microbiology letters
- 29 February 2008
A meta-analysis that estimates percentage of infected species based on data on the distribution of infection levels among species using a beta-binomial model and finds that within species the infection frequency follows a ‘most-or-few’ infection pattern.
Widespread Lateral Gene Transfer from Intracellular Bacteria to Multicellular Eukaryotes
It is shown that some of these inserted Wolbachia genes are transcribed within eukaryotic cells lacking endosymbionts, potentially providing a mechanism for acquisition of new genes and functions.
Influential passengers: inherited microorganisms and arthropod reproduction
The evolution of heritable symbionts cytoplasmic incompatability in insects inherited microorganisms and sex determination of arthropod hosts wolbachia induced parthenogenesis cytoplasmic sex ratio…