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Wolbachia: master manipulators of invertebrate biology
The basic biology of Wolbachia is reviewed, with emphasis on recent advances in the authors' understanding of these fascinating endosymbionts, which are found in arthropods and nematodes. Expand
Biology of Wolbachia.
  • J. Werren
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annual review of entomology
  • 28 November 2003
Wolbachia biology is reviewed, including their phylogeny and distribution, mechanisms of action, population biology and evolution, and biological control implications. Expand
Evolution and phylogeny of Wolbachia: reproductive parasites of arthropods
A fine-scale phylogenetic analysis was done using DNA sequences from ftsZ, a rapidly evolving bacterial cell-cycle gene, finding that some insects harbour infections with more than one Wolbachia strain, even within individual insects. Expand
Multilocus Sequence Typing System for the Endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis
A multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme as a universal genotyping tool for Wolbachia was developed and was shown to be effective for detecting diversity among strains within a single host species, as well as for identifying closely related strains found in different arthropod hosts. Expand
Distribution of Wolbachia among neotropical arthropods
The abundance of Wolbachia in Panamanian neotropical arthropod species further supports their potential importance as a mechanism for rapid speciation in insects. Expand
Wolbachia infection frequencies in insects: evidence of a global equilibrium?
It is reported that 19.3% of a sample of temperate North American insects are infected with Wolbachia, a frequency strikingly similar to frequencies found in two other studies in widely separated locales, which may indicate a widespread equilibrium of Wolbachian infection frequencies in insects whose maintenance remains to be explained. Expand
Sex Ratio Adaptations to Local Mate Competition in a Parasitic Wasp
Females of the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis adjust the sex ratio of their broods according to whether they are a first or second wasp to parasitize a host to provide a quantitative test of sex ratio theory. Expand
How many species are infected with Wolbachia? – a statistical analysis of current data
A meta-analysis that estimates percentage of infected species based on data on the distribution of infection levels among species using a beta-binomial model and finds that within species the infection frequency follows a ‘most-or-few’ infection pattern. Expand
Functional and Evolutionary Insights from the Genomes of Three Parasitoid Nasonia Species
Key findings include the identification of a functional DNA methylation tool kit; hymenopteran-specific genes including diverse venoms; lateral gene transfers among Pox viruses, Wolbachia, and Nasonia; and the rapid evolution of genes involved in nuclear-mitochondrial interactions that are implicated in speciation. Expand
Phylogeny of the Nasonia species complex (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) inferred from an internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) and 28S rDNA sequences
Tree topology of the Nasonia complex was congruent with the phylogeny of a cluster of Wolbachia bacteria which infect these insects and was used to resolve the phylogenetic affiliation of an eulophid, Melittobia digitata, to the pteromalids. Expand