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Primary ciliary dyskinesia: diagnosis and standards of care.
TLDR
Management of PCD should be multidisciplinary, with input from centres with a special interest in PCD, having access to paediatric and adult chest physicians, otolaryngologists and audiological physicians, physiotherapists, counselling services and fertility clinics. Expand
The effects of a double blind, placebo controlled, artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in a general population sample of preschool children
TLDR
There is a general adverse effect of artificial food colouring and benzoate preservatives on the behaviour of 3 year old children which is detectable by parents but not by a simple clinic assessment. Expand
Prenatal Vitamin D Supplementation and Child Respiratory Health: A Randomised Controlled Trial
TLDR
Prenatal vitamin D supplementation in late pregnancy that had a modest effect on cord blood vitamin D level, was not associated with decreased wheezing in offspring at age three years. Expand
Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial
TLDR
Artificial colours or a sodium benzoate preservative in the diet result in increased hyperactivity in 3- year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the general population. Expand
Type 1 and type 2 cytokine imbalance in acute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
TLDR
Analysis of cytokine levels in nasal lavage fluid and stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells strongly implicate excess type 2 and/or deficient type 1 immune responses in the pathogenesis of RSV bronchiolitis. Expand
Deficient hydrophilic lung surfactant proteins A and D with normal surfactant phospholipid molecular species in cystic fibrosis.
TLDR
A dramatic decrease of hydrophilic surfactant proteins in the presence of normal surfactants phospholipid may be one mechanism underlying the relative ineffectiveness of the cellular inflammatory response in killing invading bacteria in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis. Expand
Lung function in white children aged 4 to 19 years: II--Single breath analysis and plethysmography.
TLDR
Male puberty leads to profound changes in pulmonary function mostly related to thoracic size, an effect not observed in females. Expand
Peanut allergy in relation to heredity, maternal diet, and other atopic diseases: results of a questionnaire survey, skin prick testing, and food challenges
TLDR
Peanut allergy is more common in siblings of people with peanut allergy than in the parents or the general population, and apparently increasing prevalence may reflect a general increase of atopy, which is inherited more commonly from the mother. Expand
Pulmonary sequestration and related congenital bronchopulmonary-vascular malformations: nomenclature and classification based on anatomical and embryological considerations.
TLDR
A classification of the newly named pulmonary malinosculation spectrum is presented, which includes all congenital lung anomalies where there is abnormal connection of one or more of the four major components of lung tissue--namely, tracheobronchial airway, lung parenchyma, arterial supply, and venous drainage. Expand
Bronchoalveolar cell profiles in children with asthma, infantile wheeze, chronic cough, or cystic fibrosis.
TLDR
It is suggested that neutrophil-mediated inflammation, with or without bacterial infection, may contribute to symptoms of asthma in childhood and should not be treated with prophylactic antiasthma drugs. Expand
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