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The multifunctional choroid
The choroid of the eye is primarily a vascular structure supplying the outer retina. It has several unusual features: It contains large membrane-lined lacunae, which, at least in birds, function asExpand
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The regulation of eye growth and refractive state: An experimental study of emmetropization
During growth the vertebrate eye achieves a close match between the power of its optics and its axial length with the result that images are focused on the retina without accommodative effortExpand
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Functional postnatal changes in avian brain regions responsive to retinal slip: a 2-deoxy-D-glucose study
The postnatal development of two avian brain areas, the nucleus of the basal optic root (nBOR) and the lentiform nucleus of the mesencephalon (LM), was studied using the 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG)Expand
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The relative importance of retinal error and prediction in saccadic adaptation.
When saccades systematically miss their visual target, their amplitude adjusts, causing the position errors to be progressively reduced. Conventionally, this adaptation is viewed as driven by retinalExpand
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Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists inhibit chick scleral chondrocytes.
PURPOSE Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) have been implicated in the control of myopia in humans and in animal models. This study was conducted to determine whether mAChRs influence theExpand
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Accessory Optic System and Pretectum of Birds: Comparisons with those of other Vertebrates (Part 2 of 2)
We compare the functional and anatomical organization in birds and other vertebrates of the accessory optic nuclei and of those pretectal nuclei implicated in optokinetic responses. In all vertebrateExpand
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A putative suprachiasmatic nucleus of birds responds to visual motion
In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a pacemaker regulating daily rhythms. In birds, two retinorecipient nuclei have been called the avian SCN, one in the lateral hypothalamus and theExpand
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Acute effects of dietary retinoic acid on ocular components in the growing chick.
When the eyes of chicks are induced to grow toward myopia or hyperopia by having them wear spectacle lenses or diffusers, opposite changes take place in the retina and choroid in the synthesis andExpand
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Covalent disulfide binding of human IL-1β to α2-macroglobulin: Inhibition by d-penicillamine☆
Abstract Secreted human IL-1β is known to have two free SH groups due to unpaired cysteines (positions 8 and 71). α 2 -Macroglobulin ( α 2 M) has internal thioester bonds between cysteine andExpand
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