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A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production
Evidence gleaned from the instrumental record of climate data identifies a robust, recurring pattern of ocean–atmosphere climate variability centered over the midlatitude North Pacific basin. OverExpand
The Arctic oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields
The leading empirical orthogonal function of the wintertime sea-level pressure field is more strongly coupled to surface air temperature fluctuations over the Eurasian continent than the NorthExpand
Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part I: Month-to-Month Variability*
The leading modes of variability of the extratropical circulation in both hemispheres are characterized by deep, zonally symmetric or ‘‘annular’’ structures, with geopotential height perturbations ofExpand
Teleconnections in the Geopotential Height Field during the Northern Hemisphere Winter
Abstract Contemporaneous correlations between geopotential heights on a given pressure surface at widely separated points on earth, referred to as teleconnections in this paper, are studied in anExpand
ENSO-like Interdecadal Variability: 1900–93
A number of recent studies have reported an ENSO-like EOF mode in the global sea surface temperature (SST) field, whose time variability is marked by an abrupt change toward a warmer tropical easternExpand
Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey
Preface. Units and Numerical Values. A brief Survey of the Atmosphere. Atmospheric Thermodynamics. Extratropical Synoptic-Scale Disturbances. Atmospheric Aerosol and Cloud Microphysical Processes.Expand
An Intercomparison of Methods for Finding Coupled Patterns in Climate Data
Abstract This paper introduces a conceptual framework for comparing methods that isolate important coupled modes of variability between time series of two fields. Four specific methods are compared:Expand
Planetary-Scale Atmospheric Phenomena Associated with the Southern Oscillation
Abstract Atmospheric phenomena associated with the Southern Oscillation are examined, with emphasis on vertical structure and teleconnections to middle latitudes. This paper is specifically concernedExpand
Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part II: Trends
The authors exploit the remarkable similarity between recent climate trends and the structure of the ‘‘annular modes’’ in the month-to-month variability (as described in a companion paper) toExpand
The ENCODE (ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements) Project
The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply high-throughput approaches for detecting all sequence elements that confer biological function. Expand