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The Loss of Sadness: How Psychiatry Transformed Normal Sorrow into Depressive Disorder
1. The concept of depression 2. The anatomy of normal sadness 3. Sadness with and without cause: depression from ancient times through the nineteenth century 4. Depression in the twentieth century 5.Expand
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The concept of mental disorder. On the boundary between biological facts and social values.
  • J. Wakefield
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1 March 1992
Although the concept of mental disorder is fundamental to theory and practice in the mental health field, no agreed on and adequate analysis of this concept currently exists. I argue that a disorderExpand
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Disorder as harmful dysfunction: a conceptual critique of DSM-III-R's definition of mental disorder.
  • J. Wakefield
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
  • 1 April 1992
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.; DSM-III-R) operationally defines disorder essentially as "statistically unexpectable distress or disability." This definitionExpand
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Saving PTSD from itself in DSM-V.
Papers in this special issue of the Journal of Anxiety Disorders concern critical issues and core assumptions that underlie the diagnostic construct of posttraumatic stress disorder. Rather thanExpand
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Adaptations, exaptations, and spandrels.
Adaptation and natural selection are central concepts in the emerging science of evolutionary psychology. Natural selection is the only known causal process capable of producing complex functionalExpand
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Evolutionary versus prototype analyses of the concept of disorder.
  • J. Wakefield
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1 August 1999
The harmful dysfunction (HD) analysis of the concept of disorder (J. C. Wakefield, 1992a) holds that disorders are harmful failures of internal mechanisms to perform their naturally selectedExpand
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Psychotherapy, Distributive Justice, and Social Work: Part 1: Distributive Justice as a Conceptual Framework for Social Work
This is the first part of a two-part article analyzing the relation between psychotherapy and social work. This part provides a new account of the nature of social work. It is first argued that eachExpand
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Diagnosing DSM-IV--Part I: DSM-IV and the concept of disorder.
  • J. Wakefield
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1 July 1997
In this first article in a two-article series, I diagnose' a problem with DSM-IV, specifically, the overinclusiveness of its diagnostic criteria. Using the harmful dysfunction analysis of the conceptExpand
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Does Social Work Need the Eco-Systems Perspective? Part 2. Does the Perspective Save Social Work from Incoherence?
This is the second part of a two-part article in which I analyze the arguments for the eco-systems perspective. In Part 1, published in the March 1996 issue of this journal, I examined four argumentsExpand
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Extending the bereavement exclusion for major depression to other losses: evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey.
CONTEXT Symptoms of intense bereavement-related sadness may resemble those of major depressive disorder (MDD) but may not indicate a mental disorder. To avert false-positive diagnoses, DSM criteriaExpand
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