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Design and mechanical properties of insect cuticle.
Since nearly all adult insects fly, the cuticle has to provide a very efficient and lightweight skeleton. Information is available about the mechanical properties of cuticle-Young's modulus ofExpand
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Biomimetics: its practice and theory
Biomimetics, a name coined by Otto Schmitt in the 1950s for the transfer of ideas and analogues from biology to technology, has produced some significant and successful devices and concepts in theExpand
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The mechanical design of nacre
Mother-of-pearl (nacre) is a platelet-reinforced composite, highly filled with calcium carbonate (aragonite). The Young modulus, determined from beams of a span-to-depth ratio of no less than 15 (aExpand
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Systematic technology transfer from biology to engineering
  • J. Vincent, D. Mann
  • Biology, Physics
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 15 February 2002
Solutions to problems move only very slowly between different disciplines. Transfer can be greatly speeded up with suitable abstraction and classification of problems. Russian researchers working onExpand
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Jumping robots: a biomimetic solution to locomotion across rough terrain.
This paper introduces jumping robots as a means to traverse rough terrain; such terrain can pose problems for traditional wheeled, tracked and legged designs. Expand
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Mechanical Properties of Primary Feathers From the Pigeon
The morphology of the primary feather shaft from the pigeon wing has been examined and its salient features noted. The cortex (outer wall) of the shaft appeared to be the most significant feature inExpand
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The quantification of crispness
The de-nition of the sensation of "crispnessI (and some related textures) is proposed to be the sudden drop in load experienced on the jaw adductor (closing) muscles and/or the load sensors in theExpand
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How pine cones open
The scales of seed-bearing pine cones move in response to changes in relative humidity. The scales gape open when it is dry, releasing the cone's seeds. When it is damp, the scales close up. TheExpand
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Composite theory and the effect of water on the stiffness of horn keratin
Abstractα-keratin is a hydrogen-bond dominated composite material. The dry α-keratin (0% regain) of the horns of an oryx has a stiffness of 6.1 GPa. Water interacts only with the amorphous matrix ofExpand
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Manganese and zinc in the ovipositors and mandibles of hymenopterous insects
X-ray microanalysis of the ovipositor and mandibles of various hymenopterous insects has revealed the presence in many species of up to 10% wt/wt of either zinc or manganese in the cuticle. TheseExpand
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