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Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats
It is suggested that goats and other farm animals have multiple maternal origins with a possible center of origin in Asia, as well as in the Fertile Crescent, and goat populations are surprisingly less genetically structured than cattle populations. Expand
First occurrence of the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus Schwarz & Schwarz, 1943) in the Western Mediterranean: a zooarchaeological revision of subfossil occurrences
This paper provides a critical analysis of archaeological small mammal collections in the Mediterranean area, from the Late Glacial to the first centuries AD, to validate the presence/absence of theExpand
Ancient DNA, pig domestication, and the spread of the Neolithic into Europe
It is demonstrated that domestic pigs of Near Eastern ancestry were definitely introduced into Europe during the Neolithic (potentially along two separate routes), reaching the Paris Basin by at least the early 4th millennium B.C. Expand
The goat domestication process inferred from large-scale mitochondrial DNA analysis of wild and domestic individuals
This study compared the genetic diversity of domestic goats to that of the modern representatives of their wild ancestor, the bezoar, by analyzing 473 samples collected over the whole distribution range of the latter species, and found no haplotype that could have been domesticated in the eastern half of the Iranian Plateau, nor further to the east. Expand
Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography
The results demonstrate that the unifying characteristic among all genetically distinct so-called ancient breeds is a lack of recent admixture with other breeds likely facilitated by geographic and cultural isolation, suggesting that studies of modern breeds have yet to shed light on dog origins. Expand
Early Taming of the Cat in Cyprus
It is generally accepted that cats were first domesticated in ancient Egypt, but several finds from Cyprus suggest that the origins of cat taming were earlier. Expand
Microsatellite diversity suggests different histories for Mediterranean and Northern European cattle populations
Examining 20 cattle breeds from Europe and assessing the genetic diversity levels and relationships among the breeds using microsatellite markers shows evidence that concords with two distinct cattle migrations from the Near East, and also demonstrates that Mediterranean cattle breeds may have had more recent input from both thenear East and Africa. Expand
Genomic and archaeological evidence suggest a dual origin of domestic dogs
Results suggest that dogs may have been domesticated independently in Eastern and Western Eurasia from distinct wolf populations, and East Eurasian dogs were then possibly transported to Europe with people, where they partially replaced European Paleolithic dogs. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs
Bayesian analysis indicates that recent population growth gives a significantly better fit to the data than a constant-sized population, an observation consistent with a postglacial expansion scenario, possibly from a single European refugial population. Expand
Divergent mtDNA lineages of goats in an Early Neolithic site, far from the initial domestication areas
It is argued for substantial gene flow among goat populations dating back to the early neolithisation of Europe and for a dual domestication scenario in the Near East, with two independent but essentially contemporary origins (of both A and C domestic lineages) and several more remote and/or later origins. Expand