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The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe.
TLDR
In landscapes with high edge density, 70% of pollinator and 44% of natural enemy species reached highest abundances and pollination and pest control improved 1.7- and 1.4-fold respectively, suggesting that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield-enhancing ecosystem services.
Conservation of European environments: The Spheciformes wasps as biodiversity indicators (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae and Crabronidae)
TLDR
This work discusses the applicability of seven criteria, taken from the literature, to use the Spheciformes wasps as an indicator group, with respect to which parameters this group offers guarantees of being good indicators of biodiversity, both for predicting the diversity of other groups of animals and for all the species of a given area.
ECOLOGY OF CRABRONID WASPS FOUND IN TRAP NESTS FROM SPAIN (HYMENOPTERA: SPHECIFORMES)
TLDR
In the three species, mortality was similar along the nests, with no increase in the innermost or outermost cells, and Trichrysis cyanea was the most abundant natural enemy in the nests analyzed.
A NEW SPECIES OF ANTRUSA AND THREE NEW SPECIES OF CHOREBUS (HYMENOPTERA: BRACONIDAE) FROM THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
TLDR
The taxonomic rehabilitation of the genus Antrusa is proposed and four new species of Dacnusini from the Iberian Peninsula are described, illustrated, and compared with allied species.
Identification of a hypothetical protein from Podospora anserina as a nitroalkane oxidase.
TLDR
The structure of PODANSg2158 from Podospora anserina has been determined, confirming its identification as an NAO, and the recombinant enzyme is a flavoprotein with activity on nitroalkanes comparable to the F. oxysporum NAO.
Development, Preimaginal Phases and Adult Sensillar Equipment in Aganaspis Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) of Fruit Flies
TLDR
Observations on the ovipositor revealed the presence of coeloconic sensilla on Valva I in both species, and shed light on parasitoid-pest relationships (sensillar equipment).
The effects of wildfire on Spheciformes wasp community structure: the importance of local habitat conditions
Changes of the structure of a community of Spheciformes wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) along a 15 year recovery gradient after wildfires in a Mediterranean agroecosystem are reported and analysed. The
The Significance of the Vestibular Cell in Trap Nesting Wasps (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae): Does its Presence Reduce Mortality?
TLDR
Analysis of the significance of different nest characteristics, like the vestibular cell and empty intercalary cells, and its role in the reduction of mortality suggested that it represents a nest completion structure, whose presence reduces mortality in the initial stages but does not affect that due to chrysidid parasitoids.
Diversity and Biogeographical Significance of Solitary Wasps (Chrysididae, Eumeninae, and Spheciformes) at the Arribes del Duero Natural Park, Spain: Their Importance for Insect Diversity
TLDR
The Arribes del Duero Park is proposed as a priority area for insect diversity conservation in the Mediterranean region because of its geographic situation and extensive latitudinal range, together with the fact that it has a good representation of European biodiversity.
Nesting behaviour of three species of Tachysphex from Spain, with a description of the mature larva of Tachysphex tarsinus (Hymenoptera Sphecidae)
TLDR
Data on the nesting behaviour of Tachysphex albocinctus, T. consocius Kohl, and T. tarsinus (Lepeletier) are presented and the mature larva of T.Tarsinus is described.
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