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Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial
TLDR
It is concluded that improved STD treatment reduced HIV incidence by about 40% in this rural population of Tanzania, the first randomised trial to demonstrate an impact of a preventive intervention on HIV incidence in a general population. Expand
Biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: a community-randomized trial
TLDR
The intervention substantially improved knowledge, reported attitudes and some reported sexual behaviours, especially in boys, but had no consistent impact on biological outcomes within the 3-year trial period. Expand
Adverse birth outcomes in United Republic of Tanzania--impact and prevention of maternal risk factors.
TLDR
Maternal malaria and anaemia continue to be significant causes of adverse pregnancy outcome in sub-Saharan Africa and providing reproductive health services that include treatment of RTIs and prevention of malaria and maternal anaemia to reduce adverse birth outcomes remains a priority. Expand
Cause-specific mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa and Bangladesh.
TLDR
The different patterns of mortality identified may be a result of recent changes in the availability and effectiveness of health interventions against childhood cluster diseases. Expand
HIV‐2-infected patients survive longer than HIV‐1 -infected patients
TLDR
Mortality rate in HIV-2-infected patients is approximately two-thirds of that for HIV-1- Infected patients. Expand
Good adherence to HAART and improved survival in a community HIV/AIDS treatment and care programme: the experience of The AIDS Support Organization (TASO), Kampala, Uganda
TLDR
Good adherence and improved survival are feasible in community HIV/AIDS programmes such as that of TASO, Uganda, however, there is need to support community HAART programmes to overcome the challenges of funding to provide sustainable supplies particularly of antiretroviral drugs. Expand
Antibody to herpes simplex virus type 2 as a marker of sexual risk behavior in rural Tanzania.
TLDR
The association between HSV-2 infection and lifetime sex partners was strongest in those <25 years old in both sexes, and supports the use of HSv-2 serology as a marker of risk behavior in this population, particularly among young people. Expand
Cost-effectiveness of improved treatment services for sexually transmitted diseases in preventing HIV-1 infection in Mwanza Region, Tanzania
TLDR
Improved management of STDs in rural health units reduced the incidence of HIV-1 infection in the general population by about 40% and the estimated cost-effectiveness compares favourably with that of, for example, childhood immunisation programmes. Expand
Malaria prevalence is inversely related to vector density in The Gambia, West Africa.
TLDR
Results suggest that in The Gambia malaria prevalence rates are reduced where nuisance biting by mosquitoes is sufficient to encourage the population to protect themselves with bed nets. Expand
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