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Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth
TLDR
This empirical work supports long-standing theory about the role of top-down forcing in ecosystems but also highlights the unanticipated impacts of trophic cascades on processes as diverse as the dynamics of disease, wildfire, carbon sequestration, invasive species, and biogeochemical cycles.
Five New World Primates: A Study in Comparative Ecology
TLDR
This work is an intensive study of five species of New World monkeys--all omnivores with a diet of fruit and small prey; they differ widely in group size, social system, ranging patterns, and degree of territoriality.
The Phenology of Tropical Forests: Adaptive Significance and Consequences for Primary Consumers*
TLDR
The idea that plant species can reduce predation by synchronizing their phenological activity has the best support, because biotic factors are often arbitrary with respect to the timing of these peaks, it is essential also to consider abiotic influences.
Drought Sensitivity of the Amazon Rainforest
TLDR
Records from multiple long-term monitoring plots across Amazonia are used to assess forest responses to the intense 2005 drought, a possible analog of future events that may accelerate climate change through carbon losses and changed surface energy balances.
Beta-Diversity in Tropical Forest Trees
TLDR
It is found that beta-diversity is higher in Panama than in western Amazonia and that patterns in both areas are inconsistent with the neutral model, suggesting that dispersal limitation, with speciation, influences species turnover.
Ecological Meltdown in Predator-Free Forest Fragments
TLDR
The densities of seedlings and saplings of canopy trees are severely reduced on herbivore-affected islands, providing evidence of a trophic cascade unleashed in the absence of top-down regulation.
Requiem for Nature
In Requiem for Nature, John Terborgh examines current conservation strategies and considers the shortcomings of parks and protected areas both from ecological and institutional perspectives. He
Structure and Organization of an Amazonian Forest Bird Community
TLDR
To help fill the gap in detailed knowledge of avian community structure in tropical forests, a census of a 97—ha plot of floodplain forest in Amazonian Peru was undertook over a 3—mo period spanning the 1982 breeding season.
DOMINANCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF TREE SPECIES IN UPPER AMAZONIAN TERRA FIRME FORESTS
Amazonian forests are the largest and most diverse in the tropics, and much of the mystery surrounding their ecology can be traced to attempts to understand them through tiny local inventories. In
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