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The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats
Overall spatial and temporal patterns of species diversity and major changes and threats were assessed, and temporal trends indicated that overexploitation and habitat loss have been the main human drivers of historical changes in biodiversity.
Evolution of gastropod mitochondrial genome arrangements
The gene order of the Vetigastropoda might represent the ancestral mitochondrial gene order for Gastropoda and it is proposed that at least three major rearrangements have taken place in the evolution of gastropods.
Molecular phylogeny of euthyneura (mollusca: gastropoda).
The monophyly of the Euthyneura (Opisthobranchia + Pulmonata) was rejected by the inclusion of the heterostrophan Pyramidella and the phylogenetic utility of two rare genomic changes is addressed.
The complete mitochondrial genome of the nudibranch Roboastra europaea (Mollusca: Gastropoda) supports the monophyly of opisthobranchs.
The monophyly of opisthobranchs was further confirmed when a fragment of 2,500 nucleotides including the mitochondrial cox1, rrnL, nad6, and nad5 genes was analyzed in several species representing five different orders of opistsh Hobranchs with all common methods of phylogenetic inference.
Factors promoting marine invasions: A chemoecological approach
A chemoecological approach is proposed here to define biotic conditions that promote biological invasions in terms of enemy escape and resource opportunities, and to propose aposematism in the former and dietary autonomy in producing defensive metabolites in the latter case as predisposing factors to the migration.
Hidden Mediterranean biodiversity: molecular evidence for a cryptic species complex within the reef building vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda)
The reef building vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum inhabits the warmest waters of the Mediterranean Sea and is considered a threatened marine species, and its genetic structure throughout its whole distribution range is characterized using mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data.
Phylogenetic relationships elucidate colonization patterns in the intertidal grazers Osilinus Philippi, 1847 and Phorcus Risso, 1826 (Gastropoda: Trochidae) in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean and
The phylogeny allows us to address biogeographical questions concerning the origins of the Mediterranean and Macaronesian species of this group, which appear to have evolved from Atlantic ancestors that invaded the Mediterranean on several occasions after the Zanclean Flood.