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SNPinfo: integrating GWAS and candidate gene information into functional SNP selection for genetic association studies
We have developed a set of web-based SNP selection tools (freely available at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/snpinfo) where investigators can specify genes or linkage regions and select SNPs based on GWAS results, linkage disequilibrium (LD), and predicted functional characteristics of both coding and non-coding SNPs. Expand
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Association analysis identifies 65 new breast cancer risk loci
Breast cancer risk is influenced by rare coding variants in susceptibility genes, such as BRCA1, and many common, mostly non-coding variants. However, much of the genetic contribution to breastExpand
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Prostate cancer risk and polymorphism in 17 hydroxylase (CYP17) and steroid reductase (SRD5A2).
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in males and is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in American men. Polymorphisms have been identified in two genes, the 17-hydroxylaseExpand
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XRCC1 and DNA polymerase β in cellular protection against cytotoxic DNA single-strand breaks
Single-strand breaks (SSBs) can occur in cells either directly, or indirectly following initiation of base excision repair (BER). SSBs generally have blocked termini lacking the conventionalExpand
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Genetic risk and carcinogen exposure: a common inherited defect of the carcinogen-metabolism gene glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) that increases susceptibility to bladder cancer.
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have associated bladder cancer with exposure to carcinogens present in tobacco smoke and other environmental or occupational exposures. Approximately 50% of all humansExpand
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Genotype/phenotype discordance for human arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) reveals a new slow-acetylator allele common in African-Americans.
Carcinogenic arylamines are acetylated by the hepatic N-acetyltransferase. This enzyme is polymorphic in humans and in some epidemiological studies, the slow-acetylator phenotype has been associatedExpand
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Association of prostate cancer with vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism.
The incidence of prostate cancer in the United States is second only to skin cancers, and the disease kills almost the same number of men as breast cancer does women. Relatively few risk factors areExpand
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Myeloperoxidase genetic polymorphism and lung cancer risk.
Myeloperoxidase is a lysosomal enzyme found in high concentrations in human lung due to recruitment of neutrophils. Myeloperoxidase activates benzo[a]pyrene as well as aromatic amines in tobaccoExpand
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Cadmium is a mutagen that acts by inhibiting mismatch repair
Most errors that arise during DNA replication can be corrected by DNA polymerase proofreading or by post-replication mismatch repair (MMR). Inactivation of both mutation-avoidance systems results inExpand
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DNA repair gene XRCC1 polymorphisms, smoking, and bladder cancer risk.
Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States. The main identified risk factor is cigarette smoking, which is estimated to contribute to up to 50% of new cases in men and 20% inExpand
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