• Publications
  • Influence
The role of driver distraction in traffic crashes
Distraction is one form of inattention and it is a factor in over half of the crashes that involve some form of driver inattention. (The National Highway Traffic Safety administration estimates thatExpand
  • 508
  • 43
  • PDF
The link between fatigue and safety.
The objective of this review was to examine the evidence for the link between fatigue and safety, especially in transport and occupational settings. For the purposes of this review fatigue wasExpand
  • 435
  • 25
Driver's exposure to distractions in their natural driving environment.
Unobtrusive video camera units were installed in the vehicles of 70 volunteer drivers over 1-week time periods to study drivers' exposure to distractions. The video data were coded based on aExpand
  • 275
  • 21
Driver risk factors for sleep-related crashes.
A population-based case-control study was carried out to examine driver risk factors for sleep-related motor vehicle crashes. Cases included 312 drivers involved in recent North Carolina crashes andExpand
  • 296
  • 11
Cognitive test performance and crash risk in an older driver population.
This paper reports on the usefulness of five brief tests of cognitive function for identifying older drivers who may be at increased risk of crash involvement; it also examines the broader issue ofExpand
  • 268
  • 10
Do Older Drivers with Visual and Cognitive Impairments Drive Less?
  • J. Stutts
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
  • 1 July 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older drivers with poorer cognitive and/or visual function drive fewer miles or avoid driving in situations that pose higher crash risks, such as at nighttime, in rushExpand
  • 130
  • 9
Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Volume 14: A Guide for Reducing Crashes Involving Drowsy and Distracted Drivers
The goal of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan is to reduce annual highway fatalities to 1.0 fatality per 100 million vehicle miles of travel. This goal can be achieved through the widespreadExpand
  • 40
  • 6
PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE CRASH TYPES OF THE EARLY 1990'S
The purpose of this research was to apply the basic National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) pedestrian and bicyclist typologies to a sample of recent crashes and to refine and updateExpand
  • 100
  • 6
The potentiating effects of alcohol on driver injury.
It is well established that alcohol (ethanol) is associated with increased probability of traumatic injury. This relationship has been attributed to alcohol's impairment of judgment and psychomotorExpand
  • 229
  • 5
On-road driving evaluations: a potential tool for helping older adults drive safely longer.
PROBLEM This paper explores the potential use of on-road driving evaluations as a tool for helping older adults extend their safe driving years. METHOD Three separate research activities wereExpand
  • 62
  • 5