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The Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS): psychometric properties of the SDS in English and Australian samples of heroin, cocaine and amphetamine users.
The SDS satisfies a number of criteria which indicate its suitability as a measure of dependence, and shows criterion validity in that drug users who have sought treatment at specialist and non-specialist agencies for drug problems have higher SDS scores than non-treatment samples. Expand
The Maudsley Addiction Profile (MAP): a brief instrument for assessing treatment outcome.
The Maudsley Addiction Profile is a brief, multi-dimensional instrument for assessing treatment outcome for people with drug and/or alcohol problems and can serve as a core research instrument with additional outcome measures added as required. Expand
Understanding reasons for drug use amongst young people: a functional perspective.
Recognition of the functions fulfilled by substance use should help health educators and prevention strategists to make health messages about drugs more relevant and appropriate to general and specific audiences. Expand
Severity of dependence and route of administration of heroin, cocaine and amphetamines.
Severity of dependence was correlated with dose and duration of drug use; it was also associated with previous attendance at a drug treatment agency, though dependence problems were also common among heroin users who had never received treatment. Expand
Overdose training and take-home naloxone for opiate users: prospective cohort study of impact on knowledge and attitudes and subsequent management of overdoses.
With overdose management training, opiate users can be trained to execute appropriate actions to assist the successful reversal of potentially fatal overdose, and wider provision may reduce drug-related deaths further. Expand
Assessing Client Satisfaction with Treatment for Substance Use Problems and the Development of the Treatment Perceptions Questionnaire (TPQ)
The Treatment Perceptions Questionnaire (TPQ) was developed from two independent studies and shows that the instrument has good construct and discriminant validity, good internal reliability and acceptable test-retest reliability. Expand
Fortnightly Review: Methadone maintenance treatment in opiate dependence: a review
This paper examines the changes and advances in research and clinical practice and examines the role of treatment structure and programme characteristics in the delivery of methadone maintenance.Expand
The efficacy of single-session motivational interviewing in reducing drug consumption and perceptions of drug-related risk and harm among young people: results from a multi-site cluster randomized
This study provides the first substantial evidence of non-treatment benefit to be derived among young people involved in illegal drug use in receipt of motivational interviewing. Expand
Preventing opiate overdose fatalities with take-home naloxone: pre-launch study of possible impact and acceptability.
Substantial proportions of both community and treatment samples of drug misusers have witnessed an overdose death which could have been prevented through prior training in resuscitation techniques and administration of home-based supplies of naloxone. Expand
Supervised injectable heroin or injectable methadone versus optimised oral methadone as treatment for chronic heroin addicts in England after persistent failure in orthodox treatment (RIOTT): a
Treatment with supervised injected heroin leads to significantly lower use of street heroin than does supervised injectable methadone or optimised oral methad one, and UK Government proposals should be rolled out to support the positive response that can be achieved with heroin maintenance treatment for previously unresponsive chronic heroin addicts. Expand