• Publications
  • Influence
Workaholism: definition, measurement, and preliminary results.
Questionnaires were developed to assess the concept of workaholism, defined in terms of high scores on measures of work involvement and driveness and low scores on a measure of enjoyment of work, andExpand
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Ratings of self and peers on sex role attributes and their relation to self-esteem and conceptions of masculinity and femininity.
Male (N = 248) and female (N = 282) subjects were given the Personal Attributes Questionnaire consisting of 55 bipolar attributes drawn from the Sex Role Stereotype Questionnaire by Rosenkrantz,Expand
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Negative and positive components of psychological masculinity and femininity and their relationships to self-reports of neurotic and acting out behaviors.
Negatively valued masculinity (M-) and femininity (F-) personality scales were developed to supplement the positively valued Masculinity (M+) and Femininity (F+) scales of the Personal AttributesExpand
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Gender-related traits and gender ideology: evidence for a multifactorial theory.
  • J. Spence
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1993
Male (n = 95) and female (n = 221) college students were given 2 measures of gender-related personality traits, the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, and 3Expand
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Masculinity, femininity, and gender-related traits: a conceptual analysis and critique of current research.
  • J. Spence
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Progress in experimental personality research
  • 1984
Publisher Summary The research employing the Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ), and other instruments containing separate M and F scales has fundamentally beenExpand
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Impatience versus achievement strivings in the type A pattern: differential effects on students' health and academic achievement.
Psychometric analyses of college students' responses to the Jenkins Activity Survey, a self-report measure of the Type A behavior pattern, revealed the presence of two relatively independent factors.Expand
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Gender identity and its implications for the concepts of masculinity and femininity.
  • J. Spence
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Nebraska…
  • 1984
In this chapter, I have suggested that although the terms masculine and feminine and masculinity and femininity have rarely been defined, they appear to have two types of meaning both forExpand
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Popular diets: correlation to health, nutrition, and obesity.
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between a range of health and nutrition indicators and popular diets. DESIGN The Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII) 1994-1996 data wereExpand
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Challenges related to the composition of functional foods
Abstract There is a growing interest among producers and the public in functional foods or foods that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. The availability of such foods highlights theExpand
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Psychological determinants of health and performance: the tangled web of desirable and undesirable characteristics.
Correlations were determined for male (n = 225) and female (n = 242) college students between sets of undesirable personality traits (anxiety, stress reactivity, anger, and alienation) and desirableExpand
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