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Barcoding Fauna Bavarica: Myriapoda – a contribution to DNA sequence-based identifications of centipedes and millipedes (Chilopoda, Diplopoda)
The first account of barcoding activities on Bavarian myriapods in the framework of the Barcoding Fauna Bavarica project and IBOL shows that the data may be useful in various ways in the context of species delimitations, taxonomic revisions and analyses of ongoing speciation processes.
A biological classification concept for the assessment of soil quality: “biological soil classification scheme” (BBSK)
It is concluded that macro- and mesofauna together form site specific species assemblages that may be used for defining typical soil fauna communities for specific soils, and can be used as a reference for assessing biological soil quality.
Towards a DNA Barcode Reference Database for Spiders and Harvestmen of Germany
The overwhelming majority of species could be readily identified through DNA barcoding: median distances between closest species lay around 9% in spiders and 13% in harvestmen, while in 95% of the cases, intraspecific distances were below 2.5%.
Barcoding of Central European Cryptops centipedes reveals large interspecific distances with ghost lineages and new species records from Germany and Austria (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha)
Clear barc coding gaps are present in lineages represented by >10 specimens, highlighting the usefulness of the barcoding method for evaluating species diversity in centipedes.
First results of the German Barcode of Life (GBOL) – Myriapoda project: Cryptic lineages in German Stenotaenia linearis (Koch, 1835) (Chilopoda, Geophilomorpha)
The strongly different Stenotaenia linearis lineages within Germany, independent of geography, are a strong hint for the presence of additional, cryptic StenOTAenia species in Germany.
The subgenus Monotarsobius in the Iberian Peninsula with a description of a new pseudo-cryptic species from Northern Spain revealed by an integrative revision of Lithobius crassipes L. Koch, 1862
Both morphological and molecular data indicate that specimens from the Navarre and Gipuzkoa provinces, northern Spain, represent a distinct pseudo-cryptic species, only differing in some minor characters from L. crassipes.
Changes in soil macroinvertebrate communities following liming of acidified forested catchments in the Vosges Mountains (North-eastern France)
Abstract To counteract acidification of terrestrial ecosystems due to decades of acid atmospheric depositions two catchments were limed (2.5t ha −1 ) in fall 2003. Four years later, the effects of
Morphometrics and SEM analysis of the species pair Lithobius mutabilis L. Koch, 1862 and L. glacialis Verhoeff, 1937 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha)
The combination of morphometrics and SEM offers a powerful methodology for resolving previously uncertain questions in the species-level taxonomy of centipedes, and demonstrates another example for a cryptic species pair.
Propylene glycol - a useful capture preservative for spiders for DNA barcoding
Propylene glycol is recommended as a capture preservative for (pitfall) traps to obtain specimens for DNA barcoding identification and within four weeks, propylene gly col did not significantly denaturize mitochondrial DNA.