• Publications
  • Influence
Understanding the Process of Stereotype Threat: A Review of Mediational Variables and New Performance Goal Directions
Stereotype threat is a situational experience in which an individual feels vulnerable and pressured by the possibility of confirming or being judged by a stereotype. This threatening experience leadsExpand
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An Examination of Implicitly Activated, Explicitly Activated, and Nullified Stereotypes on Mathematical Performance: It's Not Just a Woman's Issue
This study was designed to examine the different ways that stereotypes might become activated in testing situations and the effects this activation has on task performance. In Experiment 1, womenExpand
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The Interplay among Stereotypes, Performance-Avoidance Goals, and Women's Math Performance Expectations
This project was designed to examine whether and how achievement goals contribute to the effect of gender stereotypes on women's low expectancies for success on math tasks. Study 1 confirmedExpand
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Interest and self-regulation: The relation between having to and wanting to
Publisher Summary Self-regulatory perspectives typically focus on performance of an activity as a means to achieve some goal or end. In contrast, to qualify as intrinsic motivation, many researchersExpand
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When Trying Hard Isn’t Natural
Feeling like one exerts more effort than others may influence women’s feelings of belonging with science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) and impede their motivation. In Study 1, women STEMExpand
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Giving back or giving up: Native American student experiences in science and engineering.
Native Americans are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers. We examine communal goal incongruence-the mismatch between students' emphasis on communal workExpand
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Development of the Domain Identification Measure: A Tool for Investigating Stereotype Threat Effects
The present study examined the psychometric properties of an individual difference measure of identification within the mathematics and English domains (which may be substituted for any domain ofExpand
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The stereotyped task engagement process: The role of interest and achievement motivation.
Competence-based stereotypes can negatively affect women's performance in math and science (referred to as stereotype threat), presumably leading to lower motivation. The authors examined the effectsExpand
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  • PDF
A Stereotype Boost or Choking Under Pressure? Positive Gender Stereotypes and Men Who Are Low in Domain Identification
In 3 studies, we examined the effect of a positive gender stereotype (e.g., men are superior to women in math and computer science) on performance and motivation as a function of domainExpand
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From Bench to Bedside: A communal utility value intervention to enhance students' biomedical science motivation.
Motivating students to pursue science careers is a top priority among many science educators. We add to the growing literature by examining the impact of a utility value intervention to enhanceExpand
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