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The Cluster mission provides a new opportunity to study plasma processes and structures in the near-Earth plasma environment. Four-point measurements of the magnetic field will enable the analysis ofExpand
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Geotail observations of magnetic flux ropes in the plasma sheet
[1] Examination of Geotail measurements in the near-tail (X > � 30 RE) has revealed the presence of small flux ropes in the plasma sheet. A total of 73 flux rope events were identified in the GeotailExpand
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Solar wind flow about the terrestrial planets 1. Modeling bow shock position and shape
General technique for modeling the position and shape of planetary bow waves are reviewed. A three-parameter method was selected to model the near portion (i.e.,x′ > −1 Rob) of the Venus, earth, andExpand
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The Magnetometer Instrument on MESSENGER
Abstract The Magnetometer (MAG) on the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission is a low-noise, tri-axial, fluxgate instrument with its sensor mounted on aExpand
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Three‐dimensional position and shape of the bow shock and their variation with Alfvénic, sonic and magnetosonic Mach numbers and interplanetary magnetic field orientation
A large set of bow shock crossings (i.e., 1392) observed by 17 spacecraft has been used to explore the three-dimensional shape and location of the Earth's bow shock and its dependence on solar windExpand
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Solar wind flow about the outer planets - Gas dynamic modeling of the Jupiter and Saturn bow shocks
Pioneer 10 and 11 and Voyager 1 and 2 observations are used to study global aspects of the solar wind interaction with Jupiter and Saturn. Solar wind measurements before and after the encounters areExpand
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The MESSENGER mission to Mercury: Scientific objectives and implementation
Abstract Mercury holds answers to several critical questions regarding the formation and evolution of the terrestrial planets. These questions include the origin of Mercury's anomalously high ratioExpand
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The Magnetospheric Multiscale Magnetometers
The success of the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission depends on the accurate measurement of the magnetic field on all four spacecraft. Expand
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An ISEE 3 study of average and substorm conditions in the distant magnetotail
Average and substorm conditions in the lobe and plasma sheet regions of the earth's magnetotail are studied as a function of downstream distance and east-west location using ISEE 3 magnetometer andExpand
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The Structure of Mercury's Magnetic Field from MESSENGER's First Flyby
During its first flyby of Mercury, the MESSENGER spacecraft measured the planet's near-equatorial magnetic field. The field strength is consistent to within an estimated uncertainty of 10% with thatExpand
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