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Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life
TLDR
It is demonstrated that flies experienced three episodes of rapid radiation—lower Diptera (220 Ma), lower Brachycera (180 Ma), and Schizophora (65 Ma)—and a number of life history transitions to hematophagy, phytophagy and parasitism in the history of fly evolution over 260 million y.
A comparative analysis of the evolution of imperfect mimicry
TLDR
It is shown that the most plausible explanation is that predators impose less selection for mimetic fidelity on smaller hoverfly species because they are less profitable prey items, which supports the relaxed-selection hypothesis and rejects several key hypotheses for imperfect mimicry.
The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence
TLDR
The first numerical analysis of phylogenetic relationships of the entire order of Diptera using a comprehensive morphological character matrix is presented, and low levels of support for relationships between the infraorders of lower Diptera, lower Brachycera and major lineages of lower Cyclorrhapha are found.
Evolution of lacewings and allied orders using anchored phylogenomics (Neuroptera, Megaloptera, Raphidioptera)
TLDR
Analysis of anchored hybrid enrichment (AHE) data under a variety of analytical parameters recovered a well‐resolved and strongly supported tree for the higher phylogeny of Neuropterida that is highly concordant with previous estimates based on DNA sequence data.
Phylogeny of the syrphoidea (Diptera) inferred from mtDNA sequences and morphology with particular reference to classification of the pipunculidae (Diptera).
TLDR
The pipunculid phylogeny from molecular data closely resembles the published phylogeny based on morphology, with differences only with respect to the Nephrocerinae.
Remarkable fly (Diptera) diversity in a patch of Costa Rican cloud forest: Why inventory is a vital science.
TLDR
The number of species of Diptera in tropical regions has been severely underestimated and the actual number may surpass the number ofspecies of Coleoptera.
Phylogenetic classification of Eudorylini (Diptera: Pipunculidae)
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships of members of Eudorylini (Diptera: Pip unculidae: Pipunculinae) were explored and a proposal to stabilize the genus and tribal names is discussed.
Species Boundaries and Host Range of Tortoise Mites (Uropodoidea) Phoretic on Bark Beetles (Scolytinae), Using Morphometric and Molecular Markers
TLDR
In all but one species, U. orri, the data supported the existence of these host generalists, which contrasts with the typical finding that widespread generalists are actually complexes of cryptic specialists.
Comprehensive inventory of true flies (Diptera) at a tropical site
TLDR
The intensive inventory of a four-hectare tropical cloud forest in Costa Rica for one year yielded 4332 species of Diptera, providing the first verifiable basis for diversity of a major group of insects at a single site in the tropics.
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