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Toward a phylogenetic classification of Primates based on DNA evidence complemented by fossil evidence.
A provisional primate classification based on DNA evidence and the time scale provided by fossils and the model of local molecular clocks has all named taxa represent clades and assigns the same taxonomic rank to those clades of roughly equivalent age.
CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MUSEUM OF PALEONTOLOGY
-The Shelton Mastodon Site (Oakland County, Michigan) was the subject of a five-year multidisciplinary study and yielded late Wisconsinan remains of algae, plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. The…
Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution
Understanding proboscidean evolution: a formidable task.
- J. Shoshani
- Environmental ScienceTrends in ecology & evolution
- 1 December 1998
The Proboscidea : evolution and palaeoecology of elephants and their relatives
This book presents a meta-analysis of the search for determinants of infectious disease in the immune system through the history of infectious diseases and its role in the development of schizophrenia.
Higher taxonomic relationships among extant mammals based on morphology, with selected comparisons of results from molecular data.
Significant differences between the findings and those of recent investigators include the dissociation of Pholidota from Xenarthra and the plesiomorphous position of Lipotyphla within Epitheria.
Primate phylogeny: morphological vs. molecular results.
- J. Shoshani, C. Groves, E. Simons, G. Gunnell
- BiologyMolecular phylogenetics and evolution
- 1 February 1996
This study confirms that, overall, phylogenetic reconstructions of Primates, and consequently their classifications, are more similar than dissimilar, and supports the Homo-Pan clade, although with characters not as strong as for other clades.
Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior
Phylogenetic resolution within the Elephantidae using fossil DNA sequence from the American mastodon (Mammut americanum) as an outgroup.
- H. Yang, E. Golenberg, J. Shoshani
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 6 February 1996
DNA was extracted from the extinct American mastodon, the extinct woolly mammoth, and the modern Asian and African elephants to test the traditional morphologically based phylogeny within Elephantidae and shows the usefulness of fossil molecular data from appropriate sister taxa for resolving phylogenies of highly derived or early radiating lineages.
Living African elephants belong to two species: Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797) and Loxodonta cyclotis (Matschie, 1900)
The bush and forest African elephants, hitherto regarded as a single species, are evolutionarily and ecologically distinct forms that deserve to be ranked as full species: L. africana and L. cyclotis.