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Earthworms and humans in vitro: characterizing evolutionarily conserved stress and immune responses to silver nanoparticles.
The first in vitro analysis of molecular and cellular toxicity mechanisms in the earthworm Eisenia fetida exposed to AgNPs is provided, suggesting early regulation of oxidative stress genes and subsequent alteration of immune signaling processes following the onset of AgNP exposure in the coelomocytes and THP-1 cells.
Limit-test toxicity screening of selected inorganic nanoparticles to the earthworm Eisenia fetida
- L. Heckmann, M. B. Hovgaard, Duncan S Sutherland, H. Autrup, F. Besenbacher, J. Scott-Fordsmand
- Materials ScienceEcotoxicology
The toxicity of a range of inorganic nanoparticles (NP) and their corresponding metal salt or bulk metal oxide were screened for toxicity toward the earthworm Eisenia fetida using the limit-test design and this study provides the first ecotoxicological life history trait data on earthworms.
Predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) for triclosan to terrestrial species (invertebrates and plants).
Effects of pendimethalin at lower trophic levels--a review.
Effects of pesticides on soil invertebrates in laboratory studies: A review and analysis using species sensitivity distributions
- G. Frampton, S. Jänsch, J. Scott-Fordsmand, J. Römbke, P. J. Van den Brink
- Environmental Science, BiologyEnvironmental toxicology and chemistry
- 1 September 2006
The data indicate that soil arthropods should be tested routinely in regulatory risk assessments and that acute mortality tests would not provide the most sensitive risk estimate for earthworms in the majority (95%) of cases.
Effects of eight polycyclic aromatic compounds on the survival and reproduction of the springtail Folsomia fimetaria L. (collembola, isotomidae)
The effects of eight polycyclic aromatic compounds on the survival and reproduction of the collembolan Folsomia fimetaria L. were investigated in a well-characterized Danish agricultural soil and the toxicity of the tested substances is close to that expected for compounds with nonpolar narcosis as the mode of action.
Effects of pesticides on soil invertebrates in model ecosystem and field studies: A review and comparison with laboratory toxicity data
- S. Jänsch, G. Frampton, J. Römbke, P. J. Van den Brink, J. Scott-Fordsmand
- Biology, Environmental ScienceEnvironmental toxicology and chemistry
- 1 September 2006
Good agreement exists between the results of TME and field tests for carbendazim, but insufficient information is available for a comparison between TMEand field studies for other pesticides.
Biomarkers in earthworms.
- J. Scott-Fordsmand, J. Weeks
- Biology, Environmental ScienceReviews of environmental contamination and…
Current knowledge on potential biomarkers in earthworms is drawn together and they are appraised in relation to basic requirements needed for supplying information relevant to devising satisfactory risk assessment.
Grouping and Read-Across Approaches for Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials
- A. Oomen, E. Bleeker, R. Landsiedel
- ChemistryInternational journal of environmental research…
- 1 October 2015
Different possible applications of grouping and read-across for nanomaterials are presented within the broader perspective of the MARINA Risk Assessment Strategy (RAS), as developed in the EU FP7 project MARINA.