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Reduction in fine particulate air pollution and mortality: Extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study.
RATIONALE A large body of epidemiologic literature has found an association of increased fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with acute and chronic mortality. The effect of improvements inExpand
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Mortality risk attributable to high and low ambient temperature: a multicountry observational study
Summary Background Although studies have provided estimates of premature deaths attributable to either heat or cold in selected countries, none has so far offered a systematic assessment across theExpand
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Environmental pollutants and disease in American children: estimates of morbidity, mortality, and costs for lead poisoning, asthma, cancer, and developmental disabilities.
In this study, we aimed to estimate the contribution of environmental pollutants to the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and costs of pediatric disease in American children. We examined fourExpand
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The Effect of Fine and Coarse Particulate Air Pollution on Mortality: A National Analysis
Background Although many studies have examined the effects of air pollution on mortality, data limitations have resulted in fewer studies of both particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤Expand
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The distributed lag between air pollution and daily deaths.
  • J. Schwartz
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Epidemiology
  • 1 May 2000
Many studies have reported associations between air pollution and daily deaths. Those studies have not consistently specified the lag between exposure and response, although most have foundExpand
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Mapping Community Determinants of Heat Vulnerability
Background The evidence that heat waves can result in both increased deaths and illness is substantial, and concern over this issue is rising because of climate change. Adverse health impacts fromExpand
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Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
BackgroundAlthough the association between exposure to particulate matter and health is well established, there remains uncertainty as to whether certain chemical components are more harmful thanExpand
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Air pollution and daily mortality: a review and meta analysis.
  • J. Schwartz
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Environmental research
  • 1994
The air pollution disaster in London in 1952 established that very high levels of particulate-based smog can cause dramatic increases in daily mortality. Recently, more than a dozen studies at muchExpand
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Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Why Wait? Tropospheric ozone can be dangerous to human health, can be harmful to vegetation, and is a major contributor to climate warming. Black carbon also has significant negative effects onExpand
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Low-level lead exposure and children's IQ: a meta-analysis and search for a threshold.
  • J. Schwartz
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Environmental research
  • 1 April 1994
To assess the strength of the association between blood lead and children's IQ, a meta-analysis of the studies examining the relationship in school age children was performed. Emphasis was given toExpand
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