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SARS-CoV-2-reactive T cells in healthy donors and patients with COVID-19
TLDR
CD4 + T cells that are reactive against the spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2 in the peripheral blood of patients with COVID-19 and healthy donors are found, indicating that spike-protein cross-reactive T cells are present and probably generated during previous encounters with endemic coronaviruses.
Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil
TLDR
A large-scale molecular phylogeny of rodents found that Laonastes and Diatomyidae are the sister clade of extant Ctenodactylidae and do not belong to the Hystricognathi, and alternative hypotheses were significantly rejected based on Shimodaira–Hasegawa tests.
Retroposed Elements as Archives for the Evolutionary History of Placental Mammals
TLDR
Two retropositions provide new support for a prior scenario of early mammalian evolution that places the basal placental divergence between Xenarthra and Epitheria, the latter comprising all remaining placentals.
Primate jumping genes elucidate strepsirrhine phylogeny.
TLDR
It is concluded that strepsirrhines originated in Africa and that Madagascar and Asia were colonized by respective single immigration events.
Cloning, mapping and expression analysis of barley MADS-box genes
TLDR
Seven barley MADS-box genes were isolated by heterologous screening from a barley inflorescence cDNA library and grouped into three distinct phylogenetic subclasses of the MADs-box gene family, which includes BM1, BM3 and BM8, which are mapped by analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms onto barley chromosomes 4, 2 and 7.
Three crocodilian genomes reveal ancestral patterns of evolution among archosaurs
TLDR
An exceptionally slow rate of genome evolution within crocodilians at all levels is observed, consistent with a single underlying cause of a reduced rate of evolutionary change rather than intrinsic differences in base repair machinery.
Tracking Marsupial Evolution Using Archaic Genomic Retroposon Insertions
Genome-wide comparisons of shared retroposon insertion patterns resolve the phylogeny of marsupials, clearly distinguishing South American and Australian species and lending support to
Waves of genomic hitchhikers shed light on the evolution of gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes)
TLDR
The TinT information concerning relative fixation times of CR1 subtypes enabled us to efficiently investigate gamebird phylogeny and to reconstruct an unambiguous tree topology, and should provide a useful tool for investigations in other taxonomic groups as well.
The complete mitochondrial sequence of Tarsius bancanus: evidence for an extensive nucleotide compositional plasticity of primate mitochondrial DNA.
TLDR
It is proposed that these artifactual affiliations of Tarsius bancanus rather reflect the nucleotide compositional similarity than phylogenetic relatedness and favor the directional mutation pressure hypothesis because: (1) the overall nucleotide composition changes dramatically on the lineage leading to higher primates at both silent and nonsilent sites, and (2) a highly significant correlation exists between codon usage and theucleotide composition at the third, silent codon position.
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